Injuries in Judo Athletes With Disabilities: Prevalence, Magnitude, and Sport-Related Mechanisms

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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Rafael Lima KonsDepartment of Education, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, Brazil

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Marina Saldanha da Silva AthaydeBiomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Lara AntunesBiomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Jaqueline Santos Silva LopesPostgraduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso, Brazil

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Daniele DetanicoBiomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Context: The participation of judo athletes with disabilities in competitions has increased over the years as well as the burden of sports-related injuries and illnesses in this population. However, there is limited knowledge about sports-related injuries in judo athletes with different disabilities. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of injuries in judo athletes with disabilities, considering the different impairment groups, magnitude of injury (ie, mechanism, nature, and severity of injury), and specific body parts. Design: Cross-sectional study (level of evidence, 3). Setting: Brazilian Judo athletes with disabilities. Patients: Fifty-one judo athletes with disabilities (15 men and 36 women) participated in this study. Main Outcome Measures: Data were obtained from an adapted injury report form. The prevalence of injuries was assessed, considering type of impairment, body parts, mechanisms, and severity as well as differences between male and female athletes, with the significance level set at P < .05. Results: The results demonstrated a high prevalence of injuries in female athletes with visual impairment (n = 11, 73.3%) and male athletes with amputations (n = 14, 38.8%). A high prevalence was found in the national group, especially for male athletes (n = 29, 80.5%). Among athletes who had injuries, 69.4% (n = 12) of male and 80.0% (n = 25) of female athletes’ injuries occurred due to direct contact with other athletes, and 72.2% (n = 26) of male and 86.6% (n = 13) of female athletes’ injuries were in the training environment. The magnitude of injuries ranged from moderate to severe for male and female athletes. The knee (n = 25, 49.0%) and shoulder (n = 12, 23.5%) were the body parts most affected by injuries in both male and female athletes. Conclusion: A large percentage of judo athletes with disabilities reported experiencing an injury during the previous 2 years; percentages were greater in athletes with visual and physical impairment. Moreover, most injuries occurred in the knee or shoulder, during training, and in direct contact with other athletes and were of severe magnitude.

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