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The purpose of this study was to estimate intertester reliability of active and passive ankle joint position sense measurements in uninjured subjects. Subjects were 10 males and 10 females. Active and passive ankle joint position sense was assessed by two testers. Each subject was positioned supine on a modified examination table with his or her ankle placed in 25° of plantar flexion. Joint position sense (IPS) measurements, on two separate occasions, were recorded in degrees of error from four predetermined test positions. Test order was counterbalanced according to mode (active/passive) and test position. Two trials were performed for each sequence and the average of the two was recorded for analysis. The results revealed that both the active and passive JPS protocols yielded poor to moderate intertester reliability. It was concluded that further research is needed to develop reliable protocols for testing joint position sense of the ankle joint.
Joseph E. Szczerba, Jr., is a doctoral student in Sports Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903. Julie N. Bernier is with the Department of HPER, Plymouth State College, Plymouth, NH 03264. David H. Perrin and Bruce M. Gansneder are with the Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903.