Electrical therapy is a popular therapeutic modality for the management and rehabilitation of athletic injuries. Electrical stimulation is commonly used to elicit muscle contraction, reduce edema, and control pain. However, electrical therapy can also be a tremendous challenge for clinicians. The purpose of this paper is to present current and accurate information that will serve as a guide In the use of electrical therapy for the effective management of athletic injuries. With an understanding of the basic current types provided by various electrical stimulators and the modifications of the currents that are available, electrical therapy becomes an invaluable tool for injury management and rehabilitation.
William R. Holcomb is with the Department of Sports Medicine–Athletic Training, College of Health, University of North Florida, 4567 St. Johns Bluff Rd., South, Jackson-ville, FL 32224-2645.