Coping, Social Support, and injury: Changes Over Time and the Effects of Level of Sports involvement

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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To examine the coping strategies used after injury and the provision of and satisfaction with social support as functions of sport involvement and stage of rehabilitation.


Complete data were available at 3 points (beginning, middle, and end of formal rehabilitation) for 93 patients, all of whom had sustained injury restricting normal functioning for at least 21 days.


Coping varied as a function of stage in rehabilitation, with patients deploying all strategies more at the beginning of rehabilitation. There was little variation in coping and social support, although those more involved in sport adopted a support-seeking coping strategy to a greater extent. Irrespective of sports-involvement status, women were more satisfied with practical and emotional support. Those who were more involved in sport were judged by their physiotherapists to be better adherents. Adoption of an emotional discharge coping strategy was negatively associated with adherence throughout rehabilitation.

Johnston is with the Leisure and Sport Research Unit at Cheltenham and Gloucester College of Higher Education, Cheltenham GL50 4AZ, UK. Carroll is with the School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.

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