Context: Given the relatively novel technique of tissue flossing is currently lacking in the research literature despite some positive findings in preliminary studies, the modality clearly requires further research. Current evidence suggests that band flossing results in performance improvements and may also be an effective method in injury prevention. Objective: Previous research has shown that tissue flossing may result in increased ankle range of motion, jump, and sprinting performance in recreational athletes. The present study aims to extend on this research, within an elite athlete sample. Design: Counterbalanced, cross-over design with experimental and control trials, separated by 1 week. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: Fourteen professional male rugby union athletes (mean [SD]: age 23.9 [2.7] y). Intervention: Application of a floss band to both ankles (FLOSS) for 2 minutes or without flossing of the ankle joints (CON) on 2 separate occasions. Main Outcome Measures: A weight-bearing lunge test, a countermovement jump test, and a 20-m sprint test at pre and at 5 and 30 minutes post application of the floss band or control. Results: There were no statistically significant interactions between treatment (FLOSS/CON) and time for any of the measured variables (P > .05). Effect size analysis revealed small benefits for FLOSS in comparison with CON for countermovement performance 5 minutes post (d = 0.28) and for 10-m (d = −0.45) and 15-m (d = −0.24) sprint time 30 minutes post. Conclusion: Findings from the current study suggest minimal benefits of tissue flossing when applied to the ankle joint in elite athletes for up to 30 minutes following their application.
Mills, Mayo, Tavares, and Driller are with Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Mills is also with Chiefs Rugby Club, Hamilton, New Zealand. Mayo is also with the Bay of Plenty Rugby Union, Mount Maunganui, New Zealand. Driller is also with High Performance Sport New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand.
DrillerM, MackayK, MillsB, TavaresF. Tissue flossing on ankle range of motion, jump and sprint performance: a follow-up study. . 2017;28:29–33. PubMed ID: 28950149 doi:10.1016/j.ptsp.2017.08.08128950149)| false
MalliarasP, CookJL, KentP. Reduced ankle dorsiflexion range may increase the risk of patellar tendon injury among volleyball players. . 2006;9(4):304–309. PubMed ID: 16672192 doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2006.03.01516672192)| false
Bennell K, Talbot R, Wajswelner H, Techovanich W, Kelly D, Hall A. Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of a weight-bearing lunge measure of ankle dorsiflexion. Aust J Physiother. 1998;44(3):175–180. PubMed ID: 11676731 doi:
Cormack SJ, Newton RU, McGuigan MR, Doyle TL. Reliability of measures obtained during single and repeated countermovement jumps. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2008;3(2):131–144. PubMed ID: 19208922 doi:
Buchheit M, Simpson BM, Peltola E, Mendez-Villanueva A. Assessing maximal sprinting speed in highly trained young soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2012;7(1):76–78. PubMed ID: 22001861 doi: