Musculoskeletal Injuries in Elite Collegiate Tenpin Bowling Athletes

in Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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Briana L. ZabierekDepartment of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA

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Walter C. WilsonDepartment of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA

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Frank E. DiLibertoDepartment of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, IL, USA

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Context: Collegiate tenpin bowling participation is increasing. Accordingly, the experience level of athletes participating, factors related to performance, as well as training workload and sport specialization are likely evolving. However, literature regarding injury rates remains extremely limited. The purpose of this study was to characterize injuries in collegiate tenpin bowlers. Design: Retrospective cohort survey study. Methods: Tenpin bowling athletes of top-ranked collegiate programs in the United States were invited to participate. Each participant completed an online survey to report on their injury history and additional factors of interest. Descriptive statistics were generated for participant characteristics, injury counts, and overall injury prevalence and recurrence. Chi-square tests were used to determine if overall injury prevalence and recurrence occurred by chance, and to evaluate the influence of gender and conditioning program participation on injury frequencies. Results: The response rate was 40.6% (101/249; N = 101). The sample was 20.02 (1.43) years old and 54.5% female. There were a total of 235 singular and recurrent injuries reported across all body parts. Upper-extremity injuries were the most common (n = 112). Injury prevalence (87%) and recurrence (75%) were more likely than chance (χ2 > 21.3, both P < .001) and not different based on gender (χ2 ≤ 1.1, both P ≥ .33). Injuries were more frequent in the absence of a conditioning program (χ2 = 50.6, P < .001). Conclusions: Injuries and injury recurrence in elite tenpin bowlers were frequent, most common in the upper-extremity, not different based on gender, and more frequent in those without conditioning programs. Findings may serve as foundational knowledge for developing sport-specific rehabilitation and conditioning programs.

DiLiberto https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5551-9481

Zabierek (bzab.physio@gmail.com) is corresponding author. Zabierek is now at RFUMS, Department of Physical Therapy Movement Analysis Laboratory, North Chicago, IL, USA.

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