Student display of regular physical activity has been presented as a principal component of the definition of a physically educated student (National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 1991). What strategies can a physical educator employ to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of physical activity? The transtheoretical model offers an explanation of the structure of change that occurs when adults attempt to change behavior. Although the model was derived from the modification of addictive and problem behaviors, the transtheoretical model shows promise for providing a theoretical foundation for the acquisition of positive behaviors such as physical activity. This paper explains the basic constructs of the transtheoretical model and discusses application of strategies that a physical educator in postsecondary and community settings may employ to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of physical activity.
Michael J. O’Connor is with the Department of Health and Physical Education at Augusta College, Augusta, GA 30904.