The present investigation examined how African American students rated the values of the basic instructional physical education activity program at two historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) based on a 24-item questionnaire. Descriptive data indicated that the students rated keeping in good health and physical condition as the most important value. A principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation revealed five underlying factors that appeared related to (a) physical self-efficacy, (b) a commitment to lifelong participation, (c) health-related physical fitness, (d) health/aesthetic benefits, and (e) social benefits. Physical self-efficacy appeared to be the most significant, accounting for the largest portion of the explained variance. African American female students placed more emphasis on health/aesthetic benefits, and African American male students placed emphasis on the social benefits. Overall, results of the present investigation generally appeared consistent with findings of earlier studies conducted at predominantly white Colleges and universities.
Jerome Quarterman is with the School of HPER at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43402. Geraldine Harris is with the Department of Physical Education, Recreation and Health at Southern University, Baton Rouge, LA 70813. Rose M. Chew is with the Department of Health and Physical Education at Paul Quinn College, Dallas, TX 75241.