Effects of Holding Students Accountable for Social Behaviors during Volleyball Games in Elementary Physical Education

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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This study investigated the effects of a semiformal accountability intervention (a modified version of the good behavior game) on the occurrence of appropriate and inappropriate social behaviors, and appropriate skill attempts during a 20-lesson volleyball unit. Participants were 67 students in Grades 4, 5, and 6. Following the collection of baseline data, students received intervention consisting of (a) differential awarding and removing of points for appropriate and inappropriate behavior, (b) public posting of team points, (c) the establishment of daily criteria, (d) a special activity for teams that met the criteria, and (e) an end-of-unit activity for teams that consistently met the criteria. A multiple baseline design across students showed that the intervention was effective in reducing inappropriate social behaviors and increasing appropriate social behaviors, but did not affect the number of correct volleyball skills performed. Results are discussed relative to task systems and social skills.

Craig Patrick is with the Pepper Ridge Elementary School, Bloomington, IL 61701. Phillip Ward is with the Department of Health and Human Performance, 247 Mabel Lee Hall, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-0229. Darrell Crouch is with the Carlock Elementary School in Carlock, IL 61725.

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