The Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI): Development and Preliminary Validation

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Judith L. Oslin Kent State University

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Stephen A. Mitchell Kent State University

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Linda L. Griffin University of Massachusetts

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The purpose of this article is to report on the development and validation of the Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI). The GPAI is a multidimensional system designed to measure game performance behaviors that demonstrate tactical understanding, as well as the player’s ability to solve tactical problems by selecting and applying appropriate skills. The GPAI provides analyses of individual game performance components (e.g., decisions made, skill execution, and support) and/or overall performance (e.g., game involvement and game performance). The individual game performance components were developed and evaluated by experts to determine validity and reliability. The GPAI protocol was field tested across three categories of games: invasion (soccer and basketball), net/wall (volleyball), and field/run/score (softball). Validity and reliability were examined through three separate studies using middle school physical education specialists and their sixth-grade classes. Findings suggest that the GPAI provides a valid and reliable method for assessing game performance.

Judith L. Oslin and Stephen A. Mitchell are with the School of Exercise, Leisure, and Sport at Kent State University, 263 Memorial Gym Annex, Kent, OH 44242. Linda L. Griffin is with the Department of Teacher Education and Curriculum Studies at the University of Massachusetts, 103 Furcolo Hall, Amherst, MA 01003.

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