Students’ Physical Activity Levels and Teachers’ Active Supervision during Fitness Instruction

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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Active supervision patterns of 18 elementary physical educators were studied in relation to physical activity levels of 3 students per teacher (n = 54) during allotted fitness time. Activity level was measured using the system for observing fitness instruction time (SOFIT) activity categories. Results showed that during fitness instruction teachers spent over 90% of the time in peripheral areas of the gym, actively moved about (7.9 sector changes per minute), and provided augmented feedback to students (3.7 total rpm). Students’ most predominant activity levels were very active, standing, and walking, respectively. Students’ moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels averaged 51.9%. Higher percentages of peripheral positioning and demonstrating by teachers correlated with lower amounts of standing still and higher amounts of very active and MVPA behavior. Higher rates of corrective feedback correlated with higher levels of students’ walking and MVPA behavior.

H. van der Mars and B. Cusimano are with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97330. B. Vogler is with the Department of HPERD at Illinois State University, Normal, IL 61790. P. Darst is with the Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education at Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.