Translating Questionnaires and Inventories Using a Cross-Cultural Translation Technique

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

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Dominique BanvilleGeorge Mason University

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Pauline DesrosiersUniversité Laval

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Yvette Genet-VoletUniversité du Québec à Montréal

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With the rise of cultural diversity in populations, researchers are faced with new issues, such as working with participants from other cultures that speak different languages. This research note presents a methodology developed by Vallerand (1989) in the psychological field that translates and validates questionnaires and inventories developed for a specific culture. This cross-cultural technique has seven steps and insures that the instrument will provide data that are valid and reliable in the targeted population. The seven steps are defined, and examples of results from a study using this methodology are provided.

Dominique Banville is with the Department of Health, Fitness and Recreation Resources at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030-4444. Pauline Desrosiers is with the Département de Psycho-Pédagogie at the Universite Laval, Ste-Foy, Québec, Canada G1K 7P4. Yvette Genet-Volet is with the Département de Kinanthropologie at the Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada H2X 3R9.

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