Effects of Types of Walking Activities on Actual Choices by Adolescent Female Physical Education Students

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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This study examined the choices made by adolescent girls in physical education classes when allowed to choose from among a variety of walking activities. Following the TARGET (Epstein, 1988; Treasure & Roberts, 1999) structures, nine walking activities were created to reflect one of four themes: social, exercise/fitness, game-like, or competition. Participants were 570 girls from 21 intact 7th and 8th grade classes from five schools in two school districts. Every 3 days for 9 days, students chose from a list of three activities representing a combination of the four themes. They were significantly more likely to choose (a) a social activity over two exercise and fitness activities; (b) either a game-like or competitive activity over an exercise/fitness activity; and (c) a social activity over a game-like activity or a game-like activity over a competitive activity. Adolescent girls may benefit from activities that are designed to be social, game-like, and/or competitive.

Keven A. Prusak is with the College of Education and Human Services, Minot State University, 500 University Ave. West, Minot, ND 58707; Paul W. Darst is with the Dept. of Exercise Science & Physical Education, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287.

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