California Secondary School Physical Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward the Mandated Use of the Fitnessgram

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Robert H. Ferguson University of Arkansas

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Xiaofen D. Keating California State University, Los Angeles

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Dwan M. Bridges California State University, Los Angeles

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Jianmin Guan University of Texas, San Antonio

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Li Chen Delaware State University

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This study aimed to determine how California secondary physical education teachers perceive the state mandated youth fitness testing for the 5th, 7th, and 9th grades using Fitnessgram. The participants were secondary school physical education teachers (N = 323). A previously validated attitudinal instrument (Keating & Silverman, 2004a) was used to collect the data. The means and standard deviations for each attitude subdomain and the overall attitudes were computed. MANOVA and ANOVA were employed to test the differences in attitudes by demographic and profession-related variables. Teachers’ overall attitudes toward the Fitnessgram were slightly higher than a neutral attitude, indicating slightly positive attitudes on a 7-point Likert scale (M = 4.47, SD = 1.06). The mean scores for the attitude subdomain of cognitive (i.e., usefulness of fitness test results) and the affective (i.e., enjoyment of implementing fitness tests, and enjoyment of using fitness test results) components were 4.25 (SD = 1.38), 4.90 (SD = 1.15), and 4.39 (SD = 1.17), respectively. The data from the study suggested that teachers marginally agreed that the test results were useful and that they somewhat enjoyed implementing the test. Class size and student grade levels taught were important profession-related variables to consider regarding teacher attitudes toward the Fitnessgram.

Ferguson is with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Arkansas; Keating is now with the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Texas at Austin; Bridges is with the School of Kinesiology and Nutritional Science, California State University, Los Angeles; Guan is with the Department of Health and Kinesiology, University of Texas at San Antonio; and Chen is with the Department of Sport Science, Delaware State University.

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