The Role of Ability Beliefs and Incentives in Middle School Students’ Intention, Cardiovascular Fitness, and Effort

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

Click name to view affiliation

Zan GaoUniversity of Utah

Search for other papers by Zan Gao in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ken R. LodewykBrock University

Search for other papers by Ken R. Lodewyk in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Tao ZhangLouisiana State University

Search for other papers by Tao Zhang in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This study uncovers the predictive relationship of middle school students’ ability beliefs (self-efficacy and expectancy-related beliefs) and incentives (outcome expectancy, importance, interest, and usefulness) to intention, cardiovascular fitness, and teacher-rated effort in physical education. Participants (N = 252; 118 boys, 134 girls) completed questionnaires assessing their ability beliefs, incentives, and intention for future participation in physical education, and then had their cardiovascular fitness assessed with the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run (PACER) test. Students’ effort in class was rated by their respective physical education teachers. Correlation analysis yielded significantly positive relationships between ability beliefs and incentives. Regression results revealed that ability beliefs, importance, interest, and usefulness significantly predicted intention for future participation. Ability beliefs also emerged as significant predictors of PACER test scores whereas self-efficacy was the only predictor of teacher-rated effort. Implications for educational practice are discussed.

Gao is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; Lodewyk is with the Department of Physical Education and Kinesiology, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada; and Zhang is with the Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rogue, LA.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1593 726 122
Full Text Views 33 9 2
PDF Downloads 37 7 1