Task Values, Cost, and Choice Decisions in College Physical Education

Click name to view affiliation

Ang Chen University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Search for other papers by Ang Chen in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Xinlan Liu Southeast University–Nanjing

Search for other papers by Xinlan Liu in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

The expectancy-value motivation theory postulates that motivation can be achieved when perceived values in an activity override perceived cost of the activity derived from the effort of achieving. This study was designed to examine types of perceived cost in physical education and the extent to which the cost might affect motivation. Data about attainment, intrinsic, and utility values in physical education were collected using surveys from college students (n = 368) in China. Perceived cost was investigated through open-ended written responses and interviews. Disappointment about the curriculum emerged as a major cost to motivation and lack of student autonomy was identified as a direct demotivating factor. Despite the cost, most of the students (92%) indicated they would, if given a choice, elect to continue physical education for health benefits and broader motivational impact in life, suggesting that strong positive values of physical activity might override the impact of cost. The findings suggest the importance of emphasizing positive values of physical activity in physical education.

Chen is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina–Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, and Liu is with the Department of Physical Education, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 2198 352 31
Full Text Views 107 46 2
PDF Downloads 79 23 2