Changes in Middle School Students’ Motivation Toward Physical Education Over One School Year

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

Click name to view affiliation

Zan GaoUniversity of Utah

Search for other papers by Zan Gao in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Amelia M. LeeLouisiana State University

Search for other papers by Amelia M. Lee in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Melinda A. SolmonLouisiana State University

Search for other papers by Melinda A. Solmon in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Tao ZhangLouisiana State University

Search for other papers by Tao Zhang in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

This study investigated the relationships and mean-level changes of middle school students’ motivation (expectancy-related beliefs, task values, self-efficacy, and outcome expectancy) toward physical education over time, and how gender affected students’ motivation. Participants (N = 206) completed questionnaires over a 1-year period: once in the sixth and seventh grades and again in the seventh and eighth grades. Results yielded that self-efficacy and task values were positive predictors of students’ intention across cohorts. The mean levels of self-efficacy decreased over time for students in Cohort 1 (across sixth and seventh grades). However, results revealed a consistent decline in the mean levels of other motivational variables for both cohorts. No gender differences emerged for the variables. The findings are discussed in regard to the implications for educational practice, and future research areas are presented.

Gao is with the Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Lee, Solmon, and Zhang are with the Department of Kinesiology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, LA.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1402 765 238
Full Text Views 38 13 0
PDF Downloads 55 17 0