Social Preferences for Learning among Adolescents in Secondary Physical Education

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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The purpose of the current study was to explore social interaction preferences for learning in Physical Education (PE) among Spanish secondary students. The sample consists of 6,654 students (3,500 girls and 3,154 boys, aged 12–17 years) from public and private urban and rural schools in two communities in Spain. All participants completed the Graupera/Ruiz Scale of Social Interaction Preferences in PE Learning (GR–SIPPEL) which explores four learning preference dimensions: cooperation, competition, affiliation, and individualism. Results indicated that the ordinal profile of students’ preferences in PE classes was: cooperative (very high preference), competitive and affiliate (high-moderate preference), and individualistic (moderate-low preference). Gender differences emerged: girls were less competitive and individualistic than boys, and slightly more cooperative and affiliate. Weak grade level differences were also observed.

Ruiz is with the University of Castilla La Mancha—Exercise and Sport Sciences, Toledo, Spain. Graupera is with the University of Alcalá de Henares—Physical Education, Madrid, Spain. Moreno is with Miguel Hernández University—Physical Education, Elche, Spain. Rico is with Polytechnic University of Madrid—Sport Pedagogy, Madrid, Spain.