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Evolution of Physical Education Undergraduate Majors in Higher Education in China

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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  • 1 Soochow University
  • | 2 Texas A&M University
  • | 3 Beijing Polytechnic College
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Physical education (PE) undergraduate programs in higher education in China have evolved over the last 100 years. As a result, a comprehensive system of physical education undergraduate majors in higher education has been established in today’s colleges/universities in China. The large number of students who have completed a physical education undergraduate major have greatly contributed to the development of physical education and sports in China. In this article, we reviewed the evolution of physical education undergraduate majors in higher education in China according to five historical eras: (a) the early period of New China, (b) the Cultural Revolution period, (c) the early period of reform and opening up, (d) the period of socialist market economy exploration, and (e) the 21st century era. We also systematically examine the structures, goals, and courses of the physical education undergraduate majors in higher education in China. Finally, we provide in-depth analysis of the development of the physical education undergraduate majors through the examination of their guiding principles, goals, and curriculum design, which might serve as a reference for further enhancing the reform of the curricular design of the physical education undergraduate majors in higher education during the current era.

Jiahong, Dazhi, and Liu are with the School of Physical Education & Sports, Soochow University, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China. Xiang is with the Dept. of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Gao is with the Department of Physical Education, Beijing Polytechnic College, Shijingshan District, Beijing, P.R. China.

Address author correspondence to Zhang Dazhi at zhangdazhi8055@163.com.
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