Extracurricular School-Based Sports as a Stepping Stone Toward an Active Lifestyle? Differences in Physical Activity and Sports-Motivation Between Extracurricular School-Based Sports Participants and Non-Participants

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

Click name to view affiliation

An De MeesterGhent University

Search for other papers by An De Meester in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Greet CardonGhent University

Search for other papers by Greet Cardon in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ilse De BourdeaudhuijGhent University

Search for other papers by Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Leen HaerensGhent University

Search for other papers by Leen Haerens in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Purpose:

The goals were to investigate whether extracurricular school-based sports reach students not engaging in community sports and whether extracurricular school-based sports participants are more physically active and/or autonomously motivated toward sports than nonparticipants.

Method:

1526 students (48.0% boys; 85.9% Belgian natives; age = 15.34 ± 1.83y) completed validated questionnaires to assess sports participation, physical activity (PA) and sports-motivation. Multilevel regression analyses were conducted.

Results:

Only 28.7% of all students (n = 438), and 19.7% of students not engaging in community sports (n = 123), participated in extracurricular school-based sports. Participants were significantly more physically active [β=44.19, S.E.=17.34, χ2(1)=6.50, p = .01] and autonomously motivated [β=.18, S.E.=.04, χ2(1)=25.62, p < .001] than nonparticipants, even after controlling for community sports participation. Boys were more physically active and autonomously motivated than girls (p < .001).

Conclusion:

As participation is linked to higher PA-levels and autonomous motivation, increasing overall participation rates may contribute to children developing a more physically active lifestyle and achieving the PA guidelines.

The authors are with the Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Address author correspondence to An De Meester at a.demeester@ugent.be.
  • Collapse
  • Expand
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1738 808 184
Full Text Views 75 23 1
PDF Downloads 99 21 2