Impact of a Sustained TPSR Program on Students’ Responsibility, Motivation, Sportsmanship, and Intention To Be Physically Active

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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Purpose: To assess the impact of a sustained Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility program in Physical Education. Method: There were 72 primary and secondary education students (11–13 years), enrolled in two different schools, and their four teachers were randomly distributed into an experimental group (n = 35) and a nonequivalent group (n = 37) by their schools’ administration. A pre-/posttest, repeated-measures nonequivalent group design was used. The two teachers of the experimental group implemented a Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility program, whereas the two teachers of the nonequivalent group used Direct Instruction in their classes over four consecutive learning units (29 sessions, 5 months). Results: Students in the experimental group significantly increased their personal and social responsibility (p < .01), self-determined motivation (p < .01), basic psychological needs satisfaction (competence, autonomy, and relatedness; p < .01), sportsmanship (p < .05), and intention to be physically active outside school (p < .05). Conclusion: The Teaching for Personal and Social Responsibility program was more able to increase students’ self-determined motivation and to generate positive psychosocial consequences than the Direct Instruction approach.

Merino-Barrero is with the Faculty of Education, International University of La Rioja (UNIR), Logroño, La Rioja, Spain. Valero-Valenzuela is with Research Group SAFE, Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sports Science, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain. Belando Pedreño is with the Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, European University, Madrid, Spain. Fernandez-Río is with Research Group EDAFIDES, Department of Educational Sciences, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Oviedo, Asturias, Spain.

Valero-Valenzuela (avalero@um.es) is corresponding author.
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