Expanding the Boundaries of TPSR and Empowering Others to Make Their Own Contributions

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
View More View Less
  • 1 Victoria University of Wellington
  • 2 Université de Sherbrooke
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year online subscription

USD  $64.00

1 year online subscription

USD  $86.00

Student 2 year online subscription

USD  $122.00

2 year online subscription

USD  $162.00

Purpose: The purpose of this article was to examine the geographical spread of teaching personal and social responsibility (TPSR), the extensive range of new populations and cultures that TPSR has been implemented with, and to consider the resulting challenges of this growth. Method: Information was gathered from published articles, dissertations, professional articles, and program descriptions and systematically analyzed for program fidelity. Results: A total of 31 countries were identified as having some level of TPSR presence, and there was a great deal of diversity in how, where, and to whom the programs are implemented. Discussion: The proliferation of TPSR will continue, and as this occurs, there will be increasing challenges in maintaining fidelity to the model. Conclusion: To meet this challenge, ongoing research, quality professional development, and the growth of communities of TPSR practice will be crucial.

Gordon is with the Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand. Beaudoin is with the Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.

Gordon (barrie.gordon@vuw.ac.nz) is corresponding author.
  • Agbuga, B., Xiang, P., & McBride, R. (2015). Relationship between achievement goals and students’ self-reported personal and social responsibility behaviors. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 18, e22. doi:10.1017/sjp.2015.26

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Aksoy, G.K., & Gürsel, F. (2017). The implementation of personal and social responsibility model in physical education classes: An action research. Journal of Education and Science /Egitim ve Bilim, 42(191), 415431. doi:10.15390/EB.2017.7149

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Almeida, F., & Pick, R. (2018). Implementation of the teaching personal and social responsibility model through physical activity: A pilot study. FIEP Bulliton, 88, 356359. doi:10.16887/88.a1.86

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (ACHPER). (2016). TPSR. Active and Healthy Magazine, 23(2/3).

  • Balague, G., & Fink, C. (2016). Teaching personal and social responsibility in competitive sport. Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation: Active and Healthy Magazine, 23(2/3), 5154.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Balderson, D., & Martin, M. (2011). The efficacy of the personal and social responsibility model in a physical education setting. Revue phénEPS/PHEnex, 3(3), 115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baptista, C., Dias, T., Corte-Real, N., Dias, C., Regueiras, L., Pereira, A., … Fonseca, A. (2019). Constructing agents of change through the model of personal and social responsibility (TPSR): A study of physical education in East Timor. International Journal of Sports Science, 9(1), 816.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bean, C., Kendellen, K., & Forneris, T. (2015). Moving beyond the gym: Exploring life skills transfer within a female physical activity-based life skills program. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 28(3), 274291.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beaudoin, S. (2019). Enseigner la responsabilité par l’activité physique: Introduction au modèle TPSR [Teaching responsibility through physical activity: An introduction to the TPSR model]. Symposium presented at the Physical and Health Education Canada Conference, Montreal, Canada.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beaudoin, S., Brunelle, J., & Spallanzani, C. (2015). The journey of two physical education and health teachers in learning to teach personal and social responsibility. PHENEX Journal, 7(2), 116.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beaudoin, S., Doolittle, S., & Fortin-Suzuki, S. (2018). The TPSR model’s contribution to participants responsibility development: Research-based practices in various settings. Paper presented at the 10th ARIS Conference, Lille, France.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beaudoin, S., Fortin-Suzuki, S., & Bilodeau, J. (2014). Implementing the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model with undergraduate student-athletes: The case of seven lecturers. Paper presented at the AIESEP World Conference, Auckland, New Zealand.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buckle, M. (2016). Sport, responsibility and gangs: Strategies for reconnection. Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation: Active and Healthy Magazine, 23(2/3), 3437.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buckle, M., & Walsh, D. (2013). Teaching responsibility to gang-affiliated youths. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 84(2), 5358. doi:10.1080/07303084.2013.757193

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buišić, S., & Đorđić, V. (2019). The effectiveness of Hellison’s model of personal and social responsibility in physical education teaching. Journal of Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education, 16(3), 663675.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Caballero-Blanco, B., Delago-Noguera, M., & Escartí-Carbonell, A. (2013). Analysis of Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility model-based programmes applied in USA and Spain. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 8(2), 427441. doi:10.4100/jhse.2012.82.10

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cómez-Mármol, A., Martínez, B.J., Sánchez, E., Valero, A., & González-Víllora, S. (2017). Teachers and students’ perceptions of a hybrid sport education and teaching for personal and social responsibility learning unit. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36(2), 185196. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2016-0077

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coulson, C., Irwin, C., & Wright, P. (2013). Applying Hellison’s responsibility model in a youth residential treatment facility: A practical inquiry project. Agora, 14(1), 3854.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cummins, M., Goddard, C., Formica, S., Cohen, D., & Harding, W. (2003). Assessing program fidelity and adaptations. Education Development Center, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.promoteprevent.org/sites/www.promoteprevent.org/files/resources/FidelityAdaptationToolkit.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dunn, R.J., & Doolittle, S.A. (2020). Professional development for teaching personal and social responsibility: Past, present, and future. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 39(3). doi:10.1123/jtpe.2019-0226

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escartí, A., Gutiérrez, M., Pascual, C., & Goig, R.L. (2010). Implementation of the personal and social responsibility model to improve self-efficacy during physical education classes for primary school childrenInternational Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 10(3), 387402.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escartí, A., Gutierrez, M., Pascual, C., Marin, D., Martinez, C., & Chacon, Y. (2006). Ensenando Responsabilidad Personal y Social a un grupo de adolescentes de riesgo: Un estudio observacional. Revista de Educacion, 341, 373396.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escartí, A., Gutiérrez, M., Pascual, C., & Wright, P. (2013). Observación de las estrategias que emplean los profesores de educación física para enseñar responsabilidad personal y social. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 22(1), 159166.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escartí, A., Llopis-Goig, R., & Wright, P. (2018). Assessing the implementation fidelity of a school-based teaching personal and social responsibility program in physical education and other subject areas. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 37(1), 1223. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2016-0200

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escartí, A., Wright, P., Pascual, C., & Gutierrez, M. (2015). Tool for assessing responsibility-based education (TARE). 2.0: Instrument revisions, inter-rater reliability and correlations between observed teaching strategies and student behaviors. Universal Journal of Psychology, 3(2), 5563. doi:10.13189/ujp.2015.030205

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Filiz, B.J. (2019). Using personal and social responsibility model for gaining leadership behavior in students. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 157168.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ford, L., Bonin, M., Engele, J., Harrison, T., & Forsberg, N. (2016). Assessment and evaluation in physical education: Possibilities for teaching personal and social responsibility. Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation: Active and Healthy Magazine, 23(2/3), 2332.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fuerniss, K., & Jacobs, J. (2020). We are strong: Strategies for fostering body empowerment in a boxing program for middle school girls. Journal of Sport Psychology in Action, 11(1), 4556. doi:10.1080/21520704.2019.1693456

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, B. (2010). An examination of the responsibility model in a New Zealand secondary school physical education program. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 29, 2137. doi:10.1123/jtpe.29.1.21

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, B., & Chown, D. (2019). Physical education and social justice within Islamic schools. Paper presented at the 4th Islamic Schooling Conference/Forum: A focus on Social Justice, Melbourne, Australia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, B., Jacobs, J.M., & Wright, P.M. (2016). Social and emotional learning through a teaching personal and social responsibility based after-school program for disengaged middle-school boys. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35(4), 358369. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2016-0106

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, B., Thevenard, L., & Hodis, F. (2011). A national survey of New Zealand secondary schools physical education programmes implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model. Agora, 14(2), 197212.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, B., Wright, P.M., & Hemphill, D. (2018). Evaluation of Billy Graham Youth Foundation boxing academies. Retrieved from https://allianceofsport.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/GordonEvaluationReport2017.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gray, J. (2012). A collaborative case study of teaching as inquiry in physical education through the development of a professional learning community (Masters in Education). University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gray, S., Wright, P.M., Sievwright, R., & Robertson, S. (2019). Learning to use teaching for personal and social responsibility through action research. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38(4), 347356.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Growing Young Movers. (2019). Retrieved from http://growingyoungmovers.com

  • Hellison, D. (2001, December 13–15). Teaching personal and social responsibility through physical activity [Keynote presentation]. Paper presented at the 23rd biannual conference Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Fremantle, Australia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hellison, D. (2011). Teaching personal and social responsibility through physical education (3rd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  • Hellison, D., Cutforth, N., Kallusky, J., Martinek, T., Parker, M., & Stiehl, J. (2000). Youth development and physical activity: Linking universities and communities. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hellison, D., & Walsh, D. (2002). Responsibility-based youth programs evaluation: Investigating the investigations. Quest, 54(4), 292307. doi:10.1080/00336297.2002.10491780

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hemphill, M.A., & Martinek, T. (2017). Community engagement through sport: University partnerships to promote youth development. Kinesiology Review, 6(4), 311316.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hemphill, M., & Richards, K.A.R. (2016). Without the academic part, it wouldn’t be squash: Youth development in an urban squash program. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35(3), 263276. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2015-0109

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hemphill, M., Templin, T., & Wright, P. (2013). Implementation and outcomes of a responsibility-based continuing professional development protocol in physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 20(3), 122. doi:10.1080/13573322.2012.761966

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Huysmans, Z., Clement, D., Whitley, M.A., Gonzalez, M., & Sheehy, T. (2019). Putting kids first: An exploration of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility model to youth development in Eswatini Journal of Sport for Development, 7(13), 1532.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ivy, V.N., Richards, K.A.R., Lawson, M.A., & Alameda-Lawson, T. (2018). Lessons learned from an after-school program: Building personal and social responsibility. Journal of Youth Development, 13(3), 162175. doi:10.5195/JYD.2018.606

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobs, J.M. (2016). Strategies for using summer camps as a platform for teaching personal and social responsibility to youth. Australian Council for Health, Physical Education and Recreation: Active and Healthy Magazine, 23(2/3), 3842.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobs, J.M., & Templin, T. (2020). The man behind the teaching personal and social responsibility model: A life history of Don Hellison. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 39(3). doi:10.1123/jtpe.2019-0220

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobs, J.M., Wahl-Alexander, Z., & Mack, T. (2019). Strategies for gaining access to deliver sport programs with highly vulnerable youth. Journal of Youth Development, 14, 155164. doi:10.5195/jyd.2019.723

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jung, J., & Wright, R. (2012). Application of Hellison’s responsibility model in South Korea: A multiple case study of “at-risk” middle school students in Physical Education. Agora, 14(2), 140160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kell, S., & Forsberg, N. (2014). The role of mentoring in physical education teacher education: A theoretical and practical perspective. Physical Health Education Journal, 80(2), 6.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lee, O., & Choi, E. (2015). The influence of professional development on teachers implementation of the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility model. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 34(4), 603625. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2013-0223

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lee, O., Kim, Y., & Kim, B. (2012). Relations of perception of responsibility to intrinsic motivation and physical activity among Korean middle school students. Perception and Motor Skills, 115(3), 944952. doi:10.2466/06.10.25.PMS.115.6.944-952

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martinek, T. (2001, January 14–16). Fostering personal and social responsibility through values-based physical activity and sport [Keynote presentation]. Paper presented at the 31st biannual conference Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Canberra, Australia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McLaughlin, M. (2000). Community counts. Washington, DC: Public Education Network.

  • MVP Sport. (n.d.). La Ueva, Education Deportiva. Retrieved from www.mvpsport.es

  • Pan, Y.-H., Huang, C.-H., Lee, I., & Hsu, W.-T. (2019). Comparison of learning effects of merging TPSR respectively with Sport Education and Traditional Teaching Model in High School Physical Education Classes. Journal of Sustainability, 11(7), 2057. doi:10.3390/su11072057

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pan, Y.-H., & Keh, N.-C. (2014). Teaching responsibility through physical education: Research and applications in Taiwan. Japanese Journal of Sport Education Studies, 34(1), 6369. doi:10.7219/jjses.34.1_63

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pascual, C., Escartí, A., Llopis, R., Gutíerrez, M., Marín, D., & Wright, P. (2011). Implementation fidelity of a program designed to promote personal and social responsibility through physical education: A comparative case study. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(3), 499511. PubMed ID: 21957709 doi:10.1080/02701367.2011.10599783

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pavão, I., Santos, F., Wright, P.M., & Gonçalves, F. (2019). Implementing the teaching personal and social responsibility model within preschool education: Strengths, challenges and strategies. Curriculum Studies in Health Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 10(1), 5170. doi:10.1080/25742981.2018.1552499

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pick, R. (2004). Influência de um Programa de Intervenção Motora Inclusiva no desenvolvimento motor e social de crianças com atrasos motores. [Influence of an inclusive motor intervention program on the motor and social development of children with motor delay] (Master), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pozo, P., Grao-Cruces, A., & Perez-Ordas, R. (2018). Teaching personal and social responsibility model-based programmes in physical education: A systematic review. European Physical Education Review, 24(1), 5675. doi:10.1177/1356336X16664749

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Prat, Q., Camerino, O., Castañer, M., Andueza, J., & Puigarnau, S. (2019). The Personal and Social Responsibility model to enhance innovation in physical education. Journal of Apunts. Educación Física y Deportes, 136, 8399. PubMed ID: 31594957 doi:10.5672/apunts.2014-0983.es.(2019/2).136.06

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Riolo, L. (2018). A journey towards value-laden education. Understanding teachers’ perceptions of the social domain within the Maltese Physical Education context (Doctoral thesis). Loughborough University, Loughbourough, UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Romar, J.-E., Haag, E., & Dyson, B. (2015). Teachers’ experiences of the TPSR (Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility) model in physical education. Agora, 17(3), 202219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Severinsen, G. (2014). Teaching personal and social responsibility to juniors through physical education. Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport, Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 5(1), 83100. doi:10.1080/18377122.2014.867793

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TPSR Alliance. (n.d.-a). Our mission. Retrieved from http://www.tpsr-alliance.org/mission

  • TPSR Alliance. (n.d.-b). Instruments. Retrieved from http://www.tpsr-alliance.org/for-researchers/instruments

  • Umegaki, A., Otomo, S., Minamishima, E., Ueta, K., Fukada, N., Yoshii, T., & Miyao, N. (2017). Study of the transfer and maintenance of the effects of the TPSR model in junior high school physical education classes. International Journal of Sport and Health Science, 15, 2335. doi:10.5432/ijshs.201709

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walsh, D. (2015, April 13–15). TPSR and the kinesiology career club [Keynote presentation]. Paper presented at the 29th biannual conference Australian Council for Health, Physical Education & Recreation, Adelaide, Australia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Walsh, D., Ozaeta, J., & Wright, P. (2010). Transference of responsibility model goals to the school environment: Exploring the impact of a coaching club program. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 15(1), 1528.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wahl-Alexander, Z., Jacobs, J.M., & Mack, T. (2019). Lessons learned from the field: Teaching in high-risk physical education environments. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 90(5), 815. doi:10.1080/07303084.2019.1580638

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Whitley, M.A. (2012). The Ikhaya sport programs in the Kayamandi township. Agora, 14(1), 115136.

  • Whitley, M.A., Coble, C., & Jewell, G.S. (2016). Evaluation of a sport-based youth development programme for refugees. Leisure/Loisir, 40(2), 175199. doi:10.1080/14927713.2016.1219966

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., & Burton, S. (2008). Implementation and outcomes of a responsibility-based physical activity program integrated into an intact high school physical education class. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27(2), 138154. doi:10.1123/jtpe.27.2.138

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., & Craig, M.W. (2011). Tool for Assessing Responsibility-Based Education (TARE): Instrument development, content validity, and inter-rater reliability. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15(3), 204219. doi:10.1080/1091367X.2011.590084

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., Fuerniss, K., & Cutforth, N. (2020). Don Hellison’s Scholarship Reconsidered. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 39(3). doi:10.1123/jtpe.2019-0227

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., Jacobs, J., Howell, S., & Ressler, J. (2018). Immediate outcomes and implementation of a sport for development coach education program in Belize. Journal of Sport for Development, 6(10), 4559.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., Richards, K.A.R., Jacobs, J., & Hemphill, M. (2019). Measuring perceived transfer of responsibility learning from physical education: Initial validation of the transfer of responsibility questionnaire. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38(4), 316327. doi:10.1123/jtpe.2018-0246

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wright, P.M., White, K., & Gaebler-Spira, D. (2004). Exploring the relevance of the personal and social responsibility model in adapted physical activity: A collective case study. The Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23, 7187. doi:10.1123/jtpe.23.1.71

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 61 61 27
Full Text Views 20 20 2
PDF Downloads 12 12 2