Generalization From Physical Education to Recess During an Elementary Sport Education Season

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

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Shu ChengDepartment of Movement Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

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Rosalie CoolkensUniversity College PXL, Hasselt, Belgium

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Phillip WardDepartment of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

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Peter IserbytDepartment of Movement Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

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Purpose: Our purpose was to investigate the effect of generalization of participation in parkour from physical education classes to organized parkour recess. Methods: A total of 143 (64 girls and 79 boys) third-grade elementary school children received a 12-lesson parkour sport education season in physical education. Voluntary participation in five organized parkour recess sessions was investigated. Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) data in physical education, organized parkour recess, and traditional recess were collected. Results: Girls participated significantly more in organized parkour recess compared with boys (53% vs. 35%, p = .034). Boys achieved significantly higher MVPA than girls in physical education (47% vs. 42%, p = .045), organized parkour recess (73% vs. 65%, p = .003), and traditional recess (56% vs. 36%, p < .001). Children generated on average 22% of MVPA through performing parkour-specific skills in organized parkour recess. Conclusion: Generalization of participation from physical education classes to organized recess programs is a promising strategy to increase children’s daily MVPA.

Cheng (shu.cheng@kuleuven.be) is corresponding author.

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