Perceived and Actual Role of Secondary School Physical Educators

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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This paper describes a study conducted to determine the role perception and enactment (or performance) of secondary school physical educators as well as the magnitude of role deficits that physical educators experience in schools. The data for the study were collected using a 28-item test instrument classified into four role-subsets of teaching, coaching and sports administration, research and development, and student welfare roles. The results indicated that the physical educators studied possess an acceptable perception of their roles, and that they differentially enact or perform these roles. The coaching and sports administration role-subset is more enacted by physical educators than are teaching, research and development, and student welfare roles, respectively. Furthermore, the magnitude of role deficits experienced by physical educators is higher for teaching, research and development, and student welfare roles compared with role deficits in the coaching and sports administration role-subset. Further studies are required to ascertain the forces that shape the role of physical educators in the school system as well as the sources of role deficits.

Request reprints from Emmanuel O. Ojeme, Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Benin, P.M.B. 1154, Benin City, Nigeria.

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