The effects of a self-management program on preservice teachers’ performance were examined. Intervention included a self-instructional module for self-management as well as practice for implementing self-management in teaching. During a field experience in physical education, pupil behaviors in the classes of four subjects were coded by trained observers using the Academic Learning Time-Physical Education Observation System (ALT-PE). Each teacher’s verbal behavior was audiotaped and coded using the event recording method. The influence of the cooperating teacher and the supervisor was controlled in order to assess self-management efficacy. Results indicated that teachers can acquire self-management skills as they do other teaching skills during their preservice education. A multiple-baseline design across behaviors and a reversal design showed that all subjects changed their teaching behaviors effectively and met the field experience criteria.
Eitan Eldar is with the Zinman College of Physical Education at Wingate Institute, Wingate Post, Netanya, Israel.