Relationship Between Personal and Social Responsibility and the Roles Undertaken in Sport Education

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD  $63.00

1 year subscription

USD  $84.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD  $119.00

2 year subscription

USD  $156.00

Purpose: To examine the impact of undertaking roles in Sport Education on responsibility levels of elementary school students. Method: Forty-one fifth- and sixth-grade students participated in a 15-lesson season. Students undertook five different roles into the Sport Education season and presented differing initial perceived responsibility scores. Results: Results in this study convey students’ responsibility improvements for both personal and social responsibility during a season of Sport Education. There are differences in students with low perceived responsibility depending on the role they undertake, whereas students with high perceived responsibility do not present any difference according to the role they perform. Conclusion: In the physical education context, the teachers have to consider the personal characteristics of the students in the process of mapping students to roles.

Guijarro, González-Víllora, and Arias-Palencia are with the Faculty of Education, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Cuenca, Spain. MacPhail is with the Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

González-Víllora (Sixto.Gonzalez@uclm.es) is corresponding author.
  • Association for Physical Education. (2015). Health position paper. London, UK: Author. Retrieved from http://www.afpe.org.uk/physical-education/wp-content/uploads/afPE_Health_Position_Paper_Web_Version2015.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bailey, R. (2006). Physical education and sport in schools: A review of benefits and outcomes. Journal of School Health, 76 397401. PubMed ID: 16978162 doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brock, S.J., Rovegno, I., & Oliver, K.L. (2009). The influence of student status on student interactions and experiences during a Sport Education unit. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 14, 355375. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Casey, A. (2014). Models-based practice: Great white hope or white elephant? Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 19, 1834. doi:

  • Chen, Y., & Curtner-Smith, M. (2013). Hegemonic masculinity in sport education: Case studies of experienced in-service teachers with teaching orientations. European Physical Education Review, 19, 360380. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Coulter, M., & Ní Chróinín, D. (2013). What is PE? Sport, Education and Society, 18, 825841. doi:

  • Escartí, A., Llopis-Goig, R., & Wright, P.M. (2018). Assessing the implementation fidelity of a school-based Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility program in physical education and other subject areas. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 37, 1223. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Farias, C., Hastie, P.A., & Mesquita, I. (2017). Scaffolding student-coaches’ instructional leadership toward student-centred peer interactions: A yearlong action-research intervention in sport education. European Physical Education Review, 24, 269291. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • García-López, L.M., Gutiérrez, D., González-Víllora, S., & Valero, A. (2012). Changes in empathy, assertiveness and social relations due to the implementation of the Sport Education model. Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 21, 321330.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harvey, S., Kirk, D., & O’Donovan, T.M. (2014). Sport education as a pedagogical application for ethical development in physical education and youth sport. Sport, Education and Society, 19, 4162. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hastie, P.A. (1996). Student role involvement during a unit of Sport Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 16, 88103. doi:

  • Hastie, P.A. (1998). The participation and perceptions of girls within a unit of Sport Education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 17, 157171. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hastie, P.A. (2017). Revisiting the national physical education content standards: What do we really know about our achievement of the physically educated/literate person? Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 36, 319. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hastie, P.A., & Buchanan, A.M. (2000). Teaching responsibility through Sport Education: Prospects of a coalition. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71, 2535. PubMed ID: 10763518 doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hastie, P.A., & Casey, A. (2014). Fidelity in models-based practice research in sport pedagogy: A guide for future investigations. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 33, 422431. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hastie, P.A., & Sinelnikov, O.A. (2006). Russian students’ participation in and perceptions of a season of Sport Education. European Physical Education Review, 12, 131150. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hellison, D. (2011). Teaching personal and social responsibility through physical activity (3rd ed.). London, UK: Human Kinetics.

  • Hordvik, M., MacPhail, A., & Ronglan, L.T. (2019). Learning to teach Sport Education: Investigating a pre-service teacher’s knowledge development. Sport, Education and Society, 24, 5165. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacobs, F., Knoppers, A., & Webb, L. (2013). Making sense of teaching social and moral skills in physical education. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 18, 114. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Laker, A. (2000). Beyond the boundaries of physical education. New York, NY: Routledge Falmer.

  • Landi, D., Fitzpatrick, K., & McGlashan, H. (2016). Models based practices in physical education: A sociocritical reflection. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 35, 400411. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Layne, T., & Hastie, P. (2015). A task analysis of a sport education physical education season for fourth grade students. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 20, 314328. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Li, W., Wright, P.M., Rukavina, P.B., & Pickering, M. (2008). Measuring students’ perceptions of personal and social responsibility and the relationship to intrinsic motivation in urban physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 27, 167178. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Light, D., Funk, C.D., & Light, B. (2018). Relationships among moral and contesting variables and prosocial and antisocial behaviour in sport. Journal of Moral Education, 47, 1733. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MacPhail, A., Gorely, T., Kirk, D., & Kinchin, G. (2008). Children’s experiences of fun and enjoyment during a season of sport education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79, 344355. PubMed ID: 18816946 doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McMahon, E., & MacPhail, A. (2007). Learning to teach sport education: The experiences of a pre-service teacher. European Physical Education Review, 13, 229246. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Metzler, M. (2011). Instructional models for physical education (3rd ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Holcomb Hathaway.

  • Parker, M., & Stiehl, J. (2015). Personal and social responsibility. In J. Lund & D. Tannehill (Eds.), Standards-based physical education curriculum development (3rd ed., pp. 173204). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Perlman, D. (2010). Change in affect and needs satisfaction for amotivated students within the Sport Education model. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 29, 433445. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Perlman, D. (2012). The influence of the Sport Education model on developing autonomous instruction. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 17, 493505. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pill, S. (2008). A teacher’s perceptions of the Sport Education as an alternative for upper primary school physical education. ACHPER Australian Healthy Lifestyles Journal, 55, 2329.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pozo, P., Grao-Cruces, A., & Pérez-Ordás, R. (2018). Teaching personal and social responsibility model-based programmes in physical education: A systematic review. European Physical Education Review, 24, 5675. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Siedentop, D., Hastie, P.A., & van der Mars, H. (2011). Complete guide to sport education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

  • Sinelnikov, O.A. (2009). Sport education for teachers: Professional development when introducing a novel curriculum model. European Physical Education Review, 15, 91114. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sinelnikov, O.A., & Hastie, P.A. (2010). Students’ autobiographical memory of participation in multiple Sport Education seasons. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 29, 167183. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stran, M., & Curtner-Smith, M. (2010). Impact of different types of knowledge on two preservice teachers’ ability to learn and deliver the Sport Education model. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 15, 243256. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stran, M., Sinelnikov, O., & Woodruff, E. (2012). Pre-service teachers’ experiences implementing a hybrid curriculum: Sport Education and Teaching Games for Understanding. European Physical Education Review, 18, 287308. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wahl-Alexander, Z., Sinelnikov, O., & Curtner-Smith, M. (2017). A longitudinal analysis of students’ autobiographical memories of participation in multiple sport education seasons. European Physical Education Review, 23, 2540. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ward, J.K., Hastie, P.A., & Strunk, K. (2019). Effects of ability grouping on students’ game performance and physical activity. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 38, 413. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1262 1262 56
Full Text Views 17 17 0
PDF Downloads 14 14 0