A Self-Determined Exploration of Adolescents’ and Parents’ Experiences Derived From a Multidimensional School-Based Physical Activity Intervention

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
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  • 1 University of Valencia
  • | 2 Miguel Hernández University of Elche
  • | 3 University of Castilla-La Mancha
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Purpose: Adolescents’ and parents’ experiences within a multidimensional school-based physical activity intervention grounded on self-determination theory were explored. Method: Qualitative data from 29 adolescents (aged 15–17 years) and three parents on behalf of the total students’ families were collected via participant observation (research diary), semistructured interviews, and focus groups. Results: Adolescents perceived that the application of motivational strategies, based on self-determination theory, satisfied their basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness, favored self-determined motivation, and gave rise to adaptive consequences (improved physical activity knowledge, creation of affective bonds, and increased leisure-time physical activity). These results were supported by the information reported by the students’ parents. Discussion/Conclusions: The findings support the implementation of self-determination theory-based multidimensional interventions to promote adolescents’ physical activity participation. This study also presents several motivational strategies which could be useful for the design and implementation of future school-based physical activity interventions.

Ferriz is with the Department of Didactics of Musical, Plastic and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Jiménez-Loaisa, González-Cutre, Romero-Elías, and Beltrán-Carrillo are with the Department of Sport Sciences, Sports Research Centre, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Elche, Spain. Jiménez-Loaisa is also with the Department of Didactics of Physical Education, Artistic and Music, Faculty of Education of Toledo, University of Castilla-La Mancha.

Jiménez-Loaisa (alejandro.jloaisa@uclm.es) is corresponding author.

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