“We’ve Never Studied Bullying at University:” Bullying-Related Beliefs, Training, and Strategies Among Physical Education Preservice Teachers

in Journal of Teaching in Physical Education

Click name to view affiliation

Xènia RíosNational Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC), University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona, Spain

Search for other papers by Xènia Ríos in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Carles VenturaNational Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC), University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona, Spain

Search for other papers by Carles Ventura in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
*
, and
Maria PratAutonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain

Search for other papers by Maria Prat in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Purpose: To examine beliefs about bullying in physical education (PE) among PE preservice teachers and to examine opinions about training received in this area and the strategies they would use to deal with this phenomenon. Method: We interviewed 44 PE-PSTs (Mage = 23.91; SD = 2.96) from six Spanish universities in semistructured focus groups. The data collected were analyzed using hierarchical content analysis. Results: PE preservice teachers believed that while PE may favor the occurrence of bullying, with proper management, it could also be used to educate students and create a positive climate that could help prevent this behavior. The trainee teachers stated that they had not received any training on bullying at university. Overall, they lacked confidence to deal with this problem, and their proposed strategies lacked depth. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the need for universities to include bullying in their PE teacher training programs.

  • Collapse
  • Expand
  • Acquadro, D., Tirassa, M., & Begotti, T. (2017). Teachers’ intervention in school bullying: A qualitative analysis on Italian teachers. Frontiers in Education, 2(36), 19. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2017.00036

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Avilés, J.M., Irurtia, M.J., García-Lopez, L.J., & Caballo, V.E. (2011). El maltrato entre iguales: “Bullying.” Behavioral Psychology, 19(1), 5790.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bascón-Seda, A., & Ramírez-Macías, G. (2020). Víctimas de bullying: Aportaciones para identificar casos de acoso en Educación Física dentro de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria. Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte, 15(43), 109119. https://doi.org/10.12800/ccd.v15i43.1404

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beck, M., Bryman, A., & Futing, L. (2004). The Sage encyclopedia of social science research methods. SAGE Publications.

  • Bejerot, S., Edgar, J., & Humble, M.B. (2011). Poor performance in physical education—A risk factor for bully victimization. A case-control study. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 100(3), 413419. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.02016.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Beltrán-Carrillo, V.J., Devís-Devís, J., Peiró-Velert, C., & Brown, D.H.K. (2012). When physical activity participation promotes inactivity: Negative experiences of Spanish adolescents in physical education and sport. Youth and Society, 44(1), 327. https://doi.org/10.1177/0044118X10388262

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Benítez-Sillero, J.D., Corredor-Corredor, D., Córdoba-Alcaide, F., & Calmaestra, J. (2020). Intervention programme to prevent bullying in adolescents in physical education classes (PREBULLPE): A quasi-experimental study. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 26(1), 3650. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2020.1799968

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bonavolontà, V., Cataldi, S., Latino, F., & Fischetti, F. (2021). Educazione fisica e bullismo scolastico: Stato dell’arte, implicazioni pratiche e proposte di ricerca. European Journal of Research on Education and Teaching, 19(3), 3441. https://doi.org/10.7346/-feis-XIX-03-21_04

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coates, J., & Vickerman, P. (2010). Empowering children with special educational needs to speak up: Experiences of inclusive physical education. Disability and Rehabilitation, 32(18), 15171526. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2010.497037

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collot, A.L., & Dudink, A.C.M. (2010). Bullying beyond school. Examining the role of sports. In S.R. Jimerson, S.M. Swearer, & D.L. Espelage (Eds.), Handbook of bullying in schools: An international perspective (pp. 235248). Routledge. Taylor Francis Group.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Córdoba-Alcaide, F., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2020). Apredizaje y sociabilidad: La actividad física como escenario de convivencia. In R. Ortega-Ruiz & F. Córdoba-Alcaide (Eds.), Educación Física y convivencia: oportunidades y desafíos en la prevención del acoso escolar (pp. 1934). Editorial Arco.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Craig, W.M., Henderson, K., & Murphy, J.G. (2000). Prospective teachers’ attitudes toward bullying and victimization. School Psychology International, 21(1), 521. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034300211001

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dyson, B., Howley, D., & Shen, Y. (2021). “Wow! They’re teaching each other”: Primary teachers’ perspectives of implementing cooperative learning to accomplish social and emotional learning in Aotearoa New Zealand physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 41(3), 513522. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.2021-0047

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fernández-Río, J. (2017). The cooperative learning cycle: A guide to effectively implement cooperative learning in physical education. Retos, 32, 264269. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i32.51298

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Flores, G., Prat, M., Ventura, C., & Ríos, X. (2020). “I was always made fun of for being fat:” First-hand accounts of bullying in children’s football. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 26(6), 113. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2020.1826918

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fuller, B., Gulbrandson, K., & Herman-Ukasick, B. (2013). Bully prevention in the physical education classroom. Strategies, 26(6), 38. https://doi.org/10.1080/08924562.2013.839425

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Healy, S. (2014). Preventing bullying in inclusive physical education: Practical strategies for teachers. Palaestra, 28(2), 4247.

  • Herrick, S.S.C., & Duncan, L.R. (2020). Locker-room experiences among LGBTQ+ adults. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 42(3), 227239. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2019-0133

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ihnat, L., & Smith, D. (2013). Solutions for bullying: Intervention training for pre-service teachers. Journal of Teaching and Learning, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.22329/jtl.v9i1.3604

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jiménez-Barbero, J.A., Jiménez-Loaisa, A., González-Cutre, D., Beltrán-Carrillo, V.J., Llor-Zaragoza, L., & Ruiz-Hernández, J.A. (2020). Physical education and school bullying: A systematic review. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 25(1), 79100. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2019.1688775

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lester, L., Waters, S., Pearce, N., Spears, B., & Falconer, S. (2018). Pre-service teachers: Knowledge, attitudes and their perceived skills in addressing student bullying. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 43(8), 3045. https://doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2018v43n8.3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mahon, J., Packman, J., & Liles, E. (2020). Preservice teachers’ knowledge about bullying: Implications for teacher education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/09518398.2020.1852483

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martínez-Baena, A., & Faus-Boscá, J. (2018). Bullying in schools and physical education: A systematic review. Retos, 34(34), 412419. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i34.59527

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mazzone, A., Kollerová, L., & O’Higgins, J. (2020). Teachers’ attitudes toward bullying: What do we know, and where do we go from here? In P.K. Smith & J. O’Higgins (Eds.), The Wiley blackwell handbook of bullying: A comprehensive and international review of research and intervention (pp. 139157). Wiley Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Medina, J.Á., & Reverte, M.J. (2019). Incidence of the practice of physical and sporting activities as a regulator of school violence. Retos, 35, 5460. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v0i35.64359

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Melim, F.M., & Pereira, M.B. (2015). A influência da educação física no bullying escolar: A solução ou parte do problema? Revista Iberoamericana de Educación, 67(1), 6584. https://doi.org/10.35362/rie671264

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Menesini, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2017). Bullying in schools: The state of knowledge and effective interventions. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 22, 240253. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2017.1279740

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mierzwinski, M., Cock, S., & Velija, P. (2019). A position on social justice, physical education, and bullying: A figurational sociological perspective. Quest, 71(2), 215226. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2018.1551807

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Modecki, K.L., Minchin, J., Harbaugh, A.G., Guerra, N.G., & Runions, K.C. (2014). Bullying prevalence across contexts: A meta-analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(5), 602611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.06.007

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Monks, C.P., & Coyne, I. (2011). Bullying in different contexts. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511921018

  • Montero-Carretero, C., & Cervelló, E. (2020). Teaching styles in physical education: A new approach to predicting resilience and bullying. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1), 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010076

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Montoro, E., & Ballesteros, M.Á. (2016). Competencias docentes para la prevención del ciberacoso y delito de odio en Secundaria. Revista Latinoamericana de Tecnología Educativa, 15(1), 131143. https://doi.org/10.17398/1695

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moore, S.E., Norman, R.E., Suetani, S., Thomas, H.J., Sly, P.D., & Scott, J.G. (2017). Consequences of bullying victimization in childhood and adolescence: A systematic review and meta-analysis. World Journal of Psychiatry, 7(1), 6076. https://doi.org/10.5498/wjp.v7.i1.60

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nery, M., Neto, C., Rosado, A., & Smith, P.K. (2020). Bullying in youth sports training. Routledge. Taylor Francis Group.

  • O’Connor, J.A., & Graber, K.C. (2014). Sixth-grade physical education: An acculturation of bullying and fear. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85(3), 398408. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2014.930403

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oldenburg, B., Bosman, R., & Veenstra, R. (2016). Are elementary school teachers prepared to tackle bullying? A pilot study. School Psychology International, 37(1), 6472. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034315623324

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oliveira, L.S., De Oliveira, W.R.F., Filho, J.J. de, C., Borges, C.J., De Oliveira, G.L., De Oliveira, T.A.P., Da Silva, V.F., & Valentim-Silva, J.R. (2017). Cooperative games as a pedagogical strategy for decreasing bullying in physical education: Notable changes in behavior. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17(3), 10541060. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.03162

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Olweus, D., & Limber, S.P. (2010). The Olweus bullying prevention program. In S.R. Jimerson, S.M. Swearer, & D.L. Espelage (Eds.), The handbook of bullying in schools: An international perspective (pp. 377401). Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pérez-Carbonell, A., Ramos-Santana, G., & Serrano, M. (2016). Formación del profesorado de educación secundaria obligatoria para la prevención e intervención en acoso escolar. Algunos indicadores. Educar, 52(1), 5170. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/educar.716

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peterson, J.L., Puhl, R.M., & Luedicke, J. (2012). An experimental investigation of physical education teachers’ and coaches’ reactions to weight-based victimization in youth. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(2), 177185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.10.009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ríos, X., Ventura, C., Prat, M., & Flores, G. (2022). Prevalence of bullying in grassroots soccer in Spain: Victims, bullies, and bystanders. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 94(1), 1120. https://doi.org/10.2478/pcssr-2022-0002

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rueda, P., Pérez-Romero, N., Cerezo, M.V., & Fernández-Berrocal, P. (2022). The role of emotional intelligence in adolescent bullying: A systematic review. Psicología Educativa, 28(1), 5359. https://doi.org/10.5093/psed2021a29

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ruiz, R., Riuró, M., & Tesouro, M. (2015). Estudio del bullying en el ciclo superior de primaria. Educacion XX1, 18(1), 345368. https://doi.org/10.5944/educXX1.18.1.12384

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sairanen, L., & Pfeffer, K. (2011). Self-reported handling of bullying among junior high school teachers in Finland. School Psychology International, 32(3), 330344. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034311401795

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Salmivalli, C. (2010). Bullying and the peer group: A review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15(2), 112120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2009.08.007

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Seang-Leol, Y. (2016). Victimizing stages of bullying in elementary physical education class. The Korean Journal of Elementary Physical Education, 21(4), 7383.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Şen, Z., & Doğan, A. (2021). An examination of teachers’ attitudes towards bullying, their coping strategies for handling bullying, and perceived school climate. Education and Science, 46(207), 4362. https://doi.org/10.15390/eb.2021.8942

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shehu, J. (2009). Peer provocation in physical education: Experiences of Botswana adolescents. Educational Studies, 35(2), 143152. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055690802470324

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Slattery, L.C., George, H.P., & Kern, L. (2019). Defining the word bullying: Inconsistencies and lack of clarity among current definitions. Preventing School Failure, 63(3), 227235. https://doi.org/10.1080/1045988X.2019.1579164

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, P.K. (2019). Introduction. In Making an impact on school bullying: Interventions and recommendations (pp. 122). Routledge/Taylor Francis Group.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sparkes, A.C., & Smith, B. (2014). Qualitative research methods in sport, exercise and health: From process to product. Routledge.

  • Veenstra, R., Lindenberg, S., Huitsing, G., Sainio, M., & Salmivalli, C. (2014). The role of teachers in bullying: The relation between antibullying attitudes, efficacy, and efforts to reduce bullying. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106(4), 11351143. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036110

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ventura, A., Pedrosa, B., & Ventura, R. (2016). Bullying e formação de professores: Contributos para um diagnóstico. Ensaio, 24(93), 9901012. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-403620160004000010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Woodyatt, C.R., Finneran, C.A., & Stephenson, R. (2016). In-person versus online focus group discussions: A comparative analysis of data quality. Qualitative Health Research, 26(6), 741749. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316631510

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zych, I., Beltrán-Catalán, M., Ortega-Ruiz, R., & Llorent, J. (2018). Social and emotional competencies in adolescents involved in different bullying and cyberbullying roles. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 23(2), 8693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psicod.2017.12.001

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zych, I., Farrington, D.P., & Ttofi, M.M. (2019). Protective factors against bullying and cyberbullying: A systematic review of meta-analyses. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 45, 419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.06.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 424 424 120
Full Text Views 2 2 0
PDF Downloads 2 2 0