The purpose of this review was to evaluate the scope, impact, and methods of research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in kinesiology departments. Information was obtained from university websites, the Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT), PubMed, Google Scholar, and Journal Citation Reports (JCR) from the Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Knowledge. Abstracts from 2,227 published studies funded by the NIH were reviewed. The National Institute on Aging funded the largest portion of grants. Metabolic functioning, the nervous system, pathology, and cardiovascular diseases were the major foci. Human and animal studies were predominantly discovery-oriented (e.g., comparative studies, clinical research) with a large percentage of translational approaches. Recommendations for interdisciplinary research are provided.
Giacobbi and Romney are with the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, Health Promotion Sciences Division, University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ. Buman is with the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Dept. of Exercise and Wellness, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ. Klatt is with the Physician Assistant Program, Travecca Nazarene University, Nashville, TN. Stoddard is with the Arizona Health Science Library, University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ.