The National Academy of Kinesiology: Its Founding, Focus, and Future

in Kinesiology Review
View More View Less
  • 1 Kinesiology Program, School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Restricted access

This essay commemorates the National Academy of Kinesiology’s 90th anniversary meeting, even though the first meeting of fellows of an “[American] Academy of Physical Education” occurred in 1904, some 118 years ago. Clark W. Hetherington, Robert Tait McKenzie, William Burdick, Thomas A. Storey, and Jay B. Nash met in October 1926 to reignite the Academy of yesteryear. On December 31, 1930, just 14 months and 1 week into the Great Depression, they and 24 others formally launched what the Academy has become today. “Clearly, they were a bold, hearty, and optimistic group. Their determination, inspiration, and perspiration remain guiding lights for us to this day!” This essay aims to demystify and humanize the Academy by sharing stories of how it was formed and how it continues to inform all those working in kinesiology and related fields through its distinguished Fellows, one of whom is a Nobel Laureate.

Bradley J. Cardinal, a professor at Oregon State University, was elected Fellow #475 in the National Academy of Kinesiology in 2007, served as the Academy’s secretary-treasurer during 2012–2014 and as president during 2018–2019, and was appointed historian in September of 2020. Send correspondence to Brad.Cardinal@oregonstate.edu. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3163-8918

  • American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. (1941). Constitution and by-laws. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 12(7), 416421. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1941.10622852

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science. (n.d.a). AAAS honorary fellows. https://www.aaas.org/fellows

  • American Association for the Advancement of Science. (n.d.b). Mission and history. https://www.aaas.org/mission

  • American Dance Festival. (n.d.). Archives. https://americandancefestival.org/about/who-we-are/

  • American Physical Education Association. (1931). Presentation of fellowship awards. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 2(6), 1419. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1931.10619575

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Psychological Association. (n.d.). APA Division 47, Society for Sport, Exercise & Performance Psychology. https://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Andrews, D.L. (2008). Kinesiology’s inconvenient truth: The physical cultural studies imperative. Quest, 60, 4663. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2008.10483568

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Apostle. (1924, August 4). Time. http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,718804,00.html

  • Assan, V.M. (1975). Carl L. Anderson: Life and contributions to public health and health education [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Oregon State University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Barker, R.M. (1971). Biographies of historical leaders in health, physical education, and recreation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Brigham Young University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bassett, D.R., Fairbrother, J.T., Panton, L.B., Martin, P.E., & Swartz, A.M. (2018). Undergraduate enrollments and faculty resources in kinesiology at selected U.S. public universities: 2008–2017. Kinesiology Review, 7(4), 286294. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2018-0043

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bassett, D.R., Jr. (2002). Scientific contributions of A. V. Hill: Exercise physiology pioneer. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 15671582. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01246.2001

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berkeley Public Health. (2020, October 3). Sixteen women who changed public health. https://publichealth.berkeley.edu/about/history/150-years-of-women/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berrett, D. (2007, July 6). ESU president who had lasting effect dies at 92. Pocono Record. https://www.poconorecord.com/article/20070706/News/707060369

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berryman, J.W. (1995). Out of many, one: A history of the American College of Sports Medicine. Human Kinetics.

  • Berryman, J.W. (1996). Thomas K. Cureton, Jr.: Pioneer researcher, proselytizer, and proponent for physical fitness. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67(1), 112. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1996.10607920

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Boyack, K.W., Klavans, R., & Börner, K. (2005). Mapping the backbone of science. Scientometrics, 64(3), 351374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-005-0255-6

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brace, D.K. (1953). The Academy of Physical Education—An explanation. Journal of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 24(7), 3138. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267232.1953.10628177

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brief outline of the life and work of Dr. Delphine Hanna. (1941). Research Quarterly, 12(Suppl. 3), 646652. https://doi.org/10.1080/10671188.1941.10624708

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bucher, C.A. (1960). Foundations of physical education (3rd ed.). C. V. Mosby.

  • Cardinal, B.J. (2017). Quality college and university instructional physical activity programs contribute to mens sana in corpore sano, “the good life,” and healthy societies. Quest, 69(4), 531541. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2017.1320295

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2018). The Academy’s secret ingredient—“It”. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 39(2), 68. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2018_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2019a). Raymond A. Weiss: WW II veteran, professional leader, life-long learner, and philanthropist. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 90(8), 89. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2019.1649562

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2019b). Science in service to society: The National Academy of Kinesiology. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 90(9), 58. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2019.1658496

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2019c). The enduring legacy of Earle F. Zeigler (1919–2018). Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 90(1), 78. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2019.1537421

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2019d). The National Academy of Kinesiology’s unmet potential in terms of international impact. Kinesiology Review, 8, 8185. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2019-0010

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2019e). Uncloaking the academy; getting ourselves out there. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 40(2), 13. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2019_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2020a). D.I.V.E.R.S.I.T.Y.: Driving innovation, valuing everyone, reaching for societal impact, and treasuring years past. We are the National Academy of Kinesiology. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 41(2), 45. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2020_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J. (2020b). Raymond Allen Weiss (1916–2019). American Psychologist, 75(5), 735. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000594

  • Cardinal, B.J., & Claman, G. (2010). The Research Consortium, 1977–2010: Contributions, milestones, and trends. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 81(2), 4550. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2010.10598434

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J., & Lee, H. (2013). Leading contributors to the Research Consortium’s annual program, 1992–2011: High visibility institutions, researchers, and topics. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 17, 7487. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2013.741371

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cardinal, B.J., & Thomas, J.R. (2005). The 75th anniversary of Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport: An analysis of status and contributions. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76(Suppl. 2), S122S134. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2005.10599294

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Challis, J.H. (2021). The National Academy of Kinesiology 2020 review and evaluation of doctoral programs in kinesiology. Kinesiology Review, 10(1), 117. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2020-0049

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chautauqua Institution. (2021). Chautauqua Institution archives. https://chq.org/discover-chautauqua/resources/archives/

  • Chodzko-Zajko, W., Taylor, E.M., & Reeve, T.G. (2018). The American Kinesiology Association core content for kinesiology programs. From concept to curriculum. Kinesiology Review, 7(4), 279285. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2018-0050

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coakley, J. (2021). Connecting with kinesiology: Observations of an outsider. Kinesiology Review, 10(2), 133139. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2020-0059

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cole, A.M. (1976). Clearing up the differences. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 47(9), 3839. https://doi.org/10.1080/00971170.1976.10612380

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Corbin, C.B. (1989). AAPE resolution passed. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 60(7), 4. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1989.10606333

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Crane, D. (1972). Invisible colleges. Diffusion of knowledge in scientific communities. University of Chicago Press.

  • Čustonja, Z., Milanovič, D., & Sporiš, G. (2009). Kinesiology in the names of higher education institutions in Europe and the United States of America. Kinesiology, 41(2), 136146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Davies, S.W., Putnam, H.M., Ainsworth, T., Baum, J.K., Bove, C.B., Crosby, S.C., Côté, I., Duplouy, A., Fulweiler, W., Griffin, A., Hanley, T., Hill, T., Humanes, A., Mangubhai, S., Metaxas, A., Parker, L., Rivera, H., Silbiger, N., Smith, N., & Bates, A.E. (2021). Promoting inclusive metrics of success and impact to dismantle a discriminatory reward system in science. PLoS Biology, 19(6), Article e3001282. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3001282

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De los Rios, A. (n.d.). Renaissance man: R. Tait McKenzie. The Penn Art Collection, University of Pennsylvania. http://artcollection.upenn.edu/article/uncategorized/renaissance-man-r-tait-mckenzie/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ditunno, J.F., Jr., & Verville, R.E. (2014). Dr. R. Tait McKenzie: Pioneer and legacy to physiatry. PM & R, 6(10), 866875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2014.09.006

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dunning, J. (1995, November 21). Martha Hill, dance educator, is dead at 94. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1995/11/21/nyregion/martha-hill-dance-educator-is-dead-at-94.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dyreson, M. (2019). The origins of the National Academy of Kinesiology: An American society for a global crusade. Kinesiology Review, 8, 7880. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2019-0011

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Editorial. (1916). A new constitution. American Physical Education Review, 21(6), 395396. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1916.10650441

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Editorial note and comment. (1901). American Physical Education Review, 6(1), 9596. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1901.10650293

  • English, E.B. (1983). Charles H. McCloy: The research professor of physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 54(4), 1618. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1983.10629555

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feingold, R., & Fiorentino, L. (2017). The history of a professional organization: NAPEHE/NAKPEHE/NAKHE–Perspectives from long-standing members. International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education, 1(1), 28. https://doi.org/10.1080/24711616.2016.1277673

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Freedson, P. (2014). Added value of NAK Fellowship: The Umass Amherst experience. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 35(2), 78. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/summer_2014_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Goodrich, H.B. (1955). E. C. Schneider, pioneer in aviation medicine. Science, 121(3143), 412413. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.121.3143.412

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gulick, L.H. (1910). Academy of Physical Education. American Physical Education Review, 15(5), 342344. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1910.10650257

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gunnell, R.J. (1973). Biographies of historical leaders in physical education, health, and recreation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Brigham Young University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harris, J.C. (1998). Minutes of the AAKPE Executive Committee meeting, Thursday, October 1, 1998 Park City, Utah. American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education Newsletter, 19(2). http://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/fall_1998_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hirsch, J.E. (2005). An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research output. Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(46), 1656916572. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0507655102

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoffman, S.J., & Knudson, D.V. (Eds.). (2018). Introduction to kinesiology (5th ed.). Human Kinetics.

  • Hofmann, A.R. (2015). The American Turners: Their past and present. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte, 37(2), 119127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbce.2014.11.020

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Howe, H. (2021, October 20). Undercover chancellor: UC Riverside’s unorthodox choice. https://bestaccreditedcolleges.org/articles/undercover-chancellor-uc-riversides-unorthodox-choice.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hussey, C. (1929). Tait McKenzie: A sculptor of youth. Country Life LTD.

  • In memoriam. (1959). C. H. McCloy. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 30(8), 79. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1959.10611098

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • It may interest you to know. (1938). The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 9(7), 449451. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1938.10619861

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jable, J.T. (1985). Jay B. Nash. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 56(7), 5557. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1985.10604275

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jable, J.T. (2006). The American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education, 1940-1984: Innovation, introspection, identity, and involvement. Quest, 58(1), 2031. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2006.10491869

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kleinman, S. (1988). Editorial–In my view: Going international. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 59(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1988.10609651

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Knudson, D. (2016). A classification of instructional programs (CIP) primer for kinesiology leaders. Kinesiology Review, 5, 215220. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2016-0018

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Korte, A. (2016, September 19). AAAS celebrates its 168th anniversary. https://www.aaas.org/news/aaas-celebrates-its-168th-anniversary

  • Kozar, A.J. (1992). The sport sculptures of R. Tait McKenzie (2nd ed.). Human Kinetics.

  • Kraus, R.G., Hilsendager, S.C., & Dixon, B. (1991). History of the dance in art and education (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall.

  • Kretchmar, R.S., & Gerber, E.W. (1983). Jesse Feiring Williams: A philosophical and historical review. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 54(1), 1620. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1983.10631199

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LaSalle, D. (1951). Thomas D. Wood, M. D. a great leader. Journal of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 22(9), 2831. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267232.1951.10630025.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lawrence, D.J. (1989). Biographies of great leaders in physical education, health and recreation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Brigham Young University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leaf, C.A. (1975, April). History of the American Academy of Physical Education: 1950–1970. Paper presented at the 41st annual meeting of the Southwest District of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED107635

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lee, M. (1968). Of historical interest. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 39(1), 2931. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1968.10619063

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leigh, M.H. (1982). Edward Hitchcock, Jr.: Dean of the profession. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 53(8), 1921. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1982.10631163

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lucas, J. (1985). Tradition and modernism. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 56(4), 80129. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1985.10603755

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lucas, J.A. (2006). The formative years of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education 1930–1938. Quest, 58(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2006.10491867

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lynn, M.L. (1960). Delphine Hanna. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 31(4), 51110. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1960.10611250

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Makechnie, G.K. (1960). Dudley A. Sargent. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 31(4), 36106. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1960.10611244

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Malina, R.M., Cumming, S.P., Rogol, A.D., Coelho-e-Silva, M.J., Figueiredo, A.J., Konarski, J.M., & Kozieł, S.M. (2019). Bio-banding in youth sport: Background, concept, and application. Sports Medicine, 49, 16711685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01166-x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martens, R. (2021). Rainer’s story: How sport influenced my life. Human Kinetics.

  • McCurdy, P.H. (1909). The American Physical Education Association. American Physical Education Review, 14(8), 537560. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1909.10650192

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzie, R.T. (1929). Memorandum on life of William Gilbert Anderson. American Physical Education Review, 34(8), 494496. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1929.10652145

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzie, R.T. (1931). Pioneers in physical education and the lessons we may learn from them. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 2(9), 67, 52. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1931.10620513

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzie, R.T. (1932). The American Academy of Physical Education. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 3(6), 1416, 62. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1932.10625527

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzie, R.T. (1933). Reminiscences of James Naismith. Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, 4(1), 21, 55. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1933.10625575

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McMaster, R.T. (2021, July 20). All the light here comes from above: Edward Hitchcock, man of science, man of faith. International Research Network for the Study of Science and Belief in Society. https://scienceandbeliefinsociety.org/2021/07/20/all-the-light-here-comes-from-above-edward-hitchcock-man-of-science-man-of-faith/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meyer, F.J. (1975). Helen M. McKinstry: Her professional life and career and contributions to physical education [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Springfield College.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mitchell, M.W. (1970). Arthur H Steinhaus 1897-1970. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 41(5), 9090. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1970.10611992

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Montoye, H.J., & Washburn, R. (1979, November). Genealogy of scholarship among Academy members. In M.G. Scott (Ed.), Issues and challenges: A kaleidoscope of change (pp. 94101). The American Academy of Physical Education.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Montoye, H.J., & Washburn, R. (1980). Research Quarterly contributors: An academic genealogy. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 51(1), 261266. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1980.10609287

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moonen, A.J. (2020/2021). Normal College of the American Gymnastic Union: Oldest U.S. College of physical education. Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. https://comet.soic.iupui.edu/deoi/normal-college-of-the-american-gymnastic-union/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morrow, J.R., Jr. (2018). Commentary on kinesiology undergraduate preparation: 1968–2018. Kinesiology Review, 7(4), 363364. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2018-0045

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nash, J.B. (1946). The American Academy of Physical Education. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 17(1), 89, 39–40. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1946.10625164

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Academy of Kinesiology. (n.d.). About NAK. http://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org

  • National Academy of Kinesiology Fellows Featured During Sports Science Forum in Taiwan. (2020). National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 42(1), 18. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2020_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Association for Kinesiology in Higher Education. (n.d.). Archives. https://www.nakhe.org/archives.html#History

  • National Association News. (1944). Dr. Jokl’s visit to the United States. The Journal of Health and Physical Education, 15(4), 209. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1944.10623240

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Taiwan Normal University. (2019, October 31). Taiwan-US Sports Science Forum held in NTNU. https://en.ntnu.edu.tw/news-show.php?id=12492

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nelson, A.E. (1972). A biographical analysis of historical leaders in health, physical education and recreation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Brigham Young University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newell, K.M. (1990a). Kinesiology: Activity focus, knowledge types and degree programs. Quest, 42(3), 243268. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.1990.10483998

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newell, K.M. (1990b). Kinesiology: Further commentary on the field of study, Quest, 42(3), 335342. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.1990.10484006

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newell, K.M. (1990c). Kinesiology: The label for the study of physical activity in higher education. Quest, 42(3), 269278. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.1990.10483999

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newell, K.M. (1990d). Physical education in higher education: Chaos out of order. Quest, 42(3), 227242. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.1990.10483997

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Newell, K.M. (2017). Reflections on kinesiology: Persistent issues and contemporary challenges. Kinesiology Review, 6, 211216. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2017-0009

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • News Notes. (1909). American Physical Education Review, 14(7), 513520. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267224.1909.10650188

  • Newsom, J. (2017, November 13). UNCG alum donates $1 million for professorship. Winston-Salem Journal. https://journalnow.com/news/local/uncg-alum-donates-1-million-for-professorship/article_c84e6300-c3f4-54df-a671-205381da8172.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nuzzo, J.L. (2020). Growth of exercise science in the United States since 2002: A secondary data analysis. Quest, 72(3), 358372. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2020.1736106

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Office of the Secretariat. (n.d.). National Taiwan Sport University. https://secretary.ntsu.edu.tw/files/11-1002-152.php?Lang=zh-tw

  • Oglesby, C.A., Henige, K., McLaughlin, D.W., & Stillwell, B. (Eds.). (2022). Foundations of kinesiology (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Olympedia. (n.d.). Sculpturing, medals and reliefs, open. https://www.olympedia.org/results/920040

  • Park, R.J. (1981). The American Academy of Physical Education. Journal of Physical Education & Recreation, 52(2), 1112. https://doi.org/10.1080/00971170.1981.10629040

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Park, R.J. (2006). “An Affirmation of the Abilities of Woman”: Women’s contributions to the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. Quest, 58(1), 619. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2006.10491868

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peavy, R.D. (1973). History of the American Academy of Physical Education, 1926-1950. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Utah.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pekara, J. (1983). Luther Halsey Gulick: “He dreamed dreams and made his dreams come true.” Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 54(8), 6970, 73. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1983.10630546

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peterson, E. (2016, March 28). First professors named to Barbara E. Forker Professorship in Kinesiology. https://archive.hs.iastate.edu/news/2016/03/28/forker-professorship/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Points of Light. (n.d.). The extra mile—Points of light volunteer pathway. https://www.pointsoflight.org/the-extra-mile-points-of-light-volunteer-pathway/

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ranking Web of Universities. (2021, July). Highly cited researchers (h>100) according to their Google Scholar citations public profiles (14th ed.). https://webometrics.info/en/hlargerthan100

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ray, H.L. (1985). AAHPERD presidential roster 1885–1985. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 56(4), 134135.

  • Rice, E.A., Hutchison, J.L., & Lee, M. (1958). A brief history of physical education (4th ed.). The Ronald Press Company.

  • Rice, E.A., Hutchison, J.L., & Lee, M. (1969). A brief history of physical education (5th ed.). The Ronald Press Company.

  • Rizzuto, R. (2015, September 1). Margaret H’Doubler 1889–1982. DanceTeacher. https://dance-teacher.com/margaret-hdoubler-1889-1982/

  • Roberts, G.C. (2006). The international perspective of AAKPE: Does the Academy have an international perspective? Quest, 58(1), 3240. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2006.10491870

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ross, J. (2000). Moving lessons: Margaret H’Doubler and the beginning of dance in American education. The University of Wisconsin Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schrock, M. (2015, January 21). New documentary profiles Martha Hill. Dance Magazine. https://www.dancemagazine.com/new-documentary-profiles-martha-hill-2306956193.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Scott, M.G. (Ed.). (1979). Issues and challenges: A kaleidoscope of change. The Academy Papers, 13, 1138.

  • Seltzer, R. (2020, December 18). “Associated with something that matters.” Insider Higher Education. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/12/18/cal-state-chancellor-reflects-leadership-he-approaches-retirement-delayed-covid-19

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sharkey, B.J., Ruby, B., & Gaskill, S. (2006). Research and development in wildland firefighting. Wildland Firefighter Health & Safety Report, 10, 25. https://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdfpubs/pdf06512810/pdf06512810dpi72.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Snyder, T.R., & Topich, N. (1992/2012). R. Tait (Robert Tait) McKenzie papers. Penn University Archives and Records Center. https://archives.upenn.edu/collections/finding-aid/upt50mck37

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Special to The New York Times. (1951, March 26). Dr. William Skarstrom. The New York Times, p. 26. Retrieved through ProQuest Historical Newspapers.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Spirduso, W., & Reeve, T.G. (2011). The National Academy of Kinesiology 2010 review and evaluation of doctoral programs in kinesiology. Quest, 63, 411440. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2011.10483689

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Spirduso, W.W. (2012). Reflections on the Academy: 80 years of leadership in kinesiology. Kinesiology Review, 1, 34. https://doi.org/10.1123/krj.1.1.3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sporiš, G., Badrić, M., Prskalo, I., & Bonacin, D. (2013). Kinesiology—Systematic review. Sport Science, 6(1), 723.

  • Staff Writer. (2021, January 21). The centennial of Arnold College. University of Bridgeport. https://www.bridgeport.edu/news/2021-01-21/centennial-arnold-college

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Steinhaus, A.H. (1944). From the archives of the American Academy of Physical Education. Journal of Health and Physical Education, 15, 64, 8990. https://doi.org/10.1080/23267240.1944.10623178

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Supreme Court of the United States. (2021, March 10). National Collegiate Athletic Association vs. Shawne Alston, et al., and American Athletic Conference, et al. vs. Shawne Alston, et al. (no. 20-512) (vide 20-520). https://www.supremecourt.gov/Search.aspx?FileName=/docket/docketfiles/html/public/20-512.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. (n.d.). Hall of Famers. https://www.hoophall.com

  • Thomas, J.R., Clark, J.E., Feltz, D.L., Kretchmar, R.S., Morrow, J.R., Reeve, T.G., & Wade, M.G. (2007). The Academy promotes, unifies, and evaluates doctoral education in kinesiology. Quest, 59(1), 174194. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2007.10483547

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thomas, J.R., Morrow, J.R., Jr., & Stevermer, C. (2004). Evaluating doctoral education in physical activity: Role of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. Quest, 56, 361376. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2004.10491831

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thomas, J.R., & Reeve, T.G. (2006). A review and evaluation of doctoral programs 2000–2004 by the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. Quest, 58, 176196. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2006.10491878

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thompson, P.D. (2004). Historical concepts of the athlete’s heart. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36, 363379. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000117117.67849.F6

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Turner, E.D. (1974). Eleanor Metheny: Teacher-Scholar [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of Southern California.

  • Twietmeyer, G. (2012). The four marks of holistic kinesiology. Quest, 64, 229248. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2012.706881

  • Ulrich, B.D., & Feltz, D.L. (2016). The National Academy of Kinesiology 2015 review and evaluation of doctoral programs in kinesiology. Kinesiology Review, 5, 101118. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2016-0004

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1996). Physical activity and health: A report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). Physical activity guidelines for Americans (2nd ed.).

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2019). National youth sports strategy.

  • Van Oteghen, S.L. (1996). In memoriam: H. Harrison Clarke. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 67(2), 1011. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.1996.10607191

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vendien, C.L. (1973a). Getting involved internationally. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 44(1), 8182. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1973.10626517

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vendien, C.L. (1973b). Guidelines for hosting foreign visitors. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 44(7), 5960. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1973.10610808

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vendien, C.L. (1975). International: Highlights of the Fisu conference, Hyvinkaa, Finland September 8–14, 1974. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 46(1), 6163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00971170.1975.10620057

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vendien, L. (1966). International scene: Survey of physical education in Asia and Pacific Islands. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 37(1), 6970. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1966.10613708

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vendien, L. (1967). You too can be an ambassador. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 38(8), 7374. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1967.10621905

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vertinsky, P. (2021a). “A singularly gifted man”: A. D. “Dave” Munrow and academic physical education at the University of Birmingham. Sport in History, 41(1), 7797. https://doi.org/10.1080/17460263.2020.1755889

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vertinsky, P. (2021b). Honoring International Fellows contributions to NAK. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 43(1), 15. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2021_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vertinsky, P., & Ramachandran, A. (2019). The “Y” Goes to India: Springfield College, muscular missionaries, and the transnational circulation of physical culture practices. Journal of Sport History, 46(3), 363379. https://doi.org/10.5406/jsporthistory.46.3.0363

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vertinsky, P., Ramachandran, A., & Wang, B. (2019). How about some muscle? Charles H. McCloy’s contributions to physical education in China between 1913 and 1926. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 36(15–16), 13721389. https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2019.1703693

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wargo, J.D. (2007, March). A history of the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest. President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Research Digest, 8(1), 18.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Weiss, M. (2010). AAKPE becomes the National Academy of Kinesiology. National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 32, 12.

  • Weiss, R.A. (2006). Turning points. Trafford.

  • Weiss represents NAK in DC meeting to develop a National Youth Sports Strategy. (2019). National Academy of Kinesiology Newsletter, 40(2), 1011. https://nationalacademyofkinesiology.org/Content/Documents/spring_2019_newsletter.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Western Michigan University. (2017, May 20). Endowed scholarship fund at medical school honoring president John M. Dunn will benefit WMU graduates. https://med.wmich.edu/node/818

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wiggins, D.K. (2021). Looking back at kinesiology’s future: The need for both focused frogs and visionary birds. Kinesiology Review, 10(4), 372382. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2021-0036

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wrynn, A.M., & Rodriguez Burciaga, P.A. (2017). Origin stories: Reflections on the first ten members of the National Academy of Kinesiology. Kinesiology Review, 6(2), 178186. https://doi.org/10.1123/kr.2017-0004

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zeigler, E.F. (1997). From one image to a sharper one! The Physical Educator, 54, 7277.

  • Zeigler, E.F. (1999). The profession must work “harder and smarter” to inform those officials who make decisions that affect the field. The Physical Educator, 56, 114120.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zeigler, E.F., & Lee, M. (1958). International scene: Our profession goes abroad. Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, 29(8), 6364. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221473.1958.10630990

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 1143 1143 183
Full Text Views 33 33 3
PDF Downloads 42 42 5