Powering Adherence to Physical Activity by Changing Self-Regulatory Skills and Beliefs: Are Kinesiologists Ready to Counsel?

in Kinesiology Review

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Lawrence R. Brawley
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Madelaine S. H. Gierc
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Sean R. Locke
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There are multiple avenues to gain health promoting and disease preventing benefits of physical activity (PA) but nonadherence makes health benefits short-lived. Gains obtained through structured exercise training and therapy quickly decay once participants leave programs. Scientific position statements underscore cognitive-behavioral strategies (CBS) as an essential intervention component to increase and maintain PA and recommend transfer of CBS knowledge to practice. Our review of reviews indicates high quality PA interventions involving CBS consistently demonstrate medium effect sizes. Kinesiologists are the human resource capacity to translate this knowledge. Building capacity to implement CBS knowledge is potentially large given North American kinesiology programs and American College of Sports Medicine and Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology certification routes. Yet CBS training of kinesiologists by universities and organizations is minimal. Immediate change in CBS training and practice is needed. Professional organizations/institutions can either be leaders in developing human resources or part of the problem should they fail to address the challenge of CBS training.

This paper was presented as the C. Lynn Vendien International lecture at the 2012 National Academy of Kinesiology conference. Preparation of this paper was supported by a Canada Research Chair award to the first author from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The authors are with the College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. All authors contributed substantially to the content of this paper. Brawley is a NAK International Fellow and Tier 1 Canada Research Chair. Gierc has a Master's degree in Public Health; Locke has a Master's degree in Social Psychology; both are Ph.D. candidates.

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