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Occupational socialization theory describes the acculturation, professional preparation, and organizational socialization of physical education teachers and addresses factors that contribute to their decisions and behaviors. Utilizing occupational socialization theory as a grounding framework, this paper summarizes research conducted on teacher socialization in physical education and provides recommendations for future research. Each of the three phases of socialization is reviewed as are related constructs. The paper concludes with a discussion of socialization into physical education more generally and addresses the limitations of the current body of literature. Future researchers are encouraged to continue using occupational socialization theory as a framework though which to understand the careers and pedagogical decisions of physical education teachers.
Richards (corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org) is with the Center for Instructional Excellence, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Templin is with the Dept. of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. Graber is with the Dept. of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.