Effects of Progressive Resistance Exercise Training on the Motor and Nonmotor Features of Parkinson's Disease: A Review

in Kinesiology Review
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Objective:

This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Methods:

First, we perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of PRET on motor signs of PD, functional outcomes, quality of life, and patient perceived improvement, strength, and cognition in PD. Second, we perform a meta-analysis on the motor section of the UPDRS. Finally, we discuss the results of our review and we identify current knowledge gaps regarding PRET in PD.

Conclusion:

This systematic review synthesizes evidence that PRET can improve strength and motor signs of Parkinsonism in PD and may also be beneficial for physical function in individuals with PD. Further research is needed to explore the effects of PRET on nonmotor symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and quality of life in individuals with PD.

Lamotte is with the Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Caen, Caen, France. Skender is with the Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL. Rafferty is with the Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Illinois at Chicago, IL, and the Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. David, Sadowsky, and Corcos are with the Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL. Corcos is also with the Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.