In order to promote the most successful outcomes following concussion, a multifaceted team of individuals is required for appropriate injury diagnosis and management. This review explores the primary roles of sports medicine personnel in the concussion diagnosis and management process. We will discuss the psychometric properties, including sensitivity, specificity, and clinical utility, of on-field/sideline, laboratory, and neurophysiological assessment tools. Additionally, we will discuss the roles of other kinesiology experts in concussion management and recovery, and their importance to concussion research. By developing a thorough and consistent roadmap for concussion management, clinicians and researchers will be capable of providing athletes with the most successful outcomes.
Guskiewicz is with the Matthew Gfeller Sports-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center and Department of Exercise and Sport Science, both at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Teel is with the Matthew Gfeller Sports-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center and Human Movement Science Curriculum, both at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.