The Evolving Dynamical Landscape of Movement Forms: A Degrees of Freedom Perspective

in Kinesiology Review
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This paper presents a framework for an evolving dynamical landscape of movement forms and their stability over the lifespan. It is proposed that the complexity and dimensionality of movement forms can expand and contract on a number of growth/decay time scales of change including those of adaptation, development, and learning. The expansion and contraction is reflected in: (1) the range of potential movement forms of the individual in developmental time; and (2) the dimensionality and complexity of any single movement form at a moment of observation given the confluence of individual, environmental, and task constraints. It is postulated that practice, exercise, and fatigue also coalesce to change the time scales of complexity and dimension of movement forms.

Newell is with the Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Morrison is with the Department of Physical Therapy and Athletic Training, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA.

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