Interventions to Promote Physical Activity in Latino Preschool Children: A Scoping Review

in Kinesiology Review
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD $24.95

Student 1 year subscription

USD $41.00

1 year subscription

USD $54.00

Student 2 year subscription

USD $77.00

2 year subscription

USD $101.00

The U.S. Latino population is growing rapidly, and Latino preschool children have the highest rates of obesity compared with their other racial/ethnic counterparts. Physical activity is associated with improved health outcomes in young children, and Latino preschool children’s physical activity is strongly correlated with parental physical activity levels. Physical activity interventions, especially those with a parent component, are particularly well suited for Latino preschool children and may help address this disparity. The author reviewed seven intervention studies and three protocol studies that targeted Latino preschool children and included a parent intervention component and physical activity as outcome variables. An interpretation of the findings of these studies, as well as critical questions for research and policy, are discussed.

The author is with the Dept. of Health & Physical Activity, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Address correspondence to seross@pitt.edu.
Kinesiology Review
Article Sections
References
  • 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. (2018). Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee scientific report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AndrewsJ.O.FeltonG.WewersM.E. & HeathJ. (2004). Use of community health workers in research with ethnic minority women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship 36(4) 358365. PubMed doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.2004.04064.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarkinS.L.LamichhaneA.P.BandaJ.A.JaKaM.M.BuchowskiM.S.EvensonK.R. . . . StevensJ. (2017). Parent’s physical activity associated with preschooler activity in underserved populations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 52(4) 424432. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2016.11.017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarlowS.E. (2007). Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: Summary report. Pediatrics 120(Suppl. 4) 164192. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-2329C

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BellowsL.AndersonJ.DaviesP. & KennedyC. (2004). Integration of social marketing elements in the design of a physical activity program for preschoolers. Social Marketing Quarterly 15 221. doi:10.1080/15245000802695190

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BellowsL.L.DaviesP.L.AndersonJ. & KennedyC. (2009). Effectiveness of a physical activity intervention for Head Start preschoolers: A randomized intervention study. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 67(1) 2836. PubMed doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.005777

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BellowsL.SilvernailS.CaldwellL.BryantA.KennedyC.DaviesP. & AndersonJ. (2011). Parental perception on the efficacy of a physical activity program for preschoolers. Journal of Community Health 36 231237. doi:10.1007/s10900-010-9302-1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BlissettJ. (2011). Relationships between parenting style, feeding style and feeding practices and fruit and vegetable consumption in early childhood. Appetite 57(3) 826831. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.05.318

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CerinE.BaranowskiT.BarnettA.ButteN.HughesS.LeeR.E. . . . O’ConnorT.M. (2016). Places where preschoolers are (in)active: An observational study on Latino preschoolers and their parents using objective measures. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 13 29. PubMed doi:10.1186/s12966-016-0355-0

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Child Trends. (2016). Racial and ethnic composition of the child population. Child Trends Data Bank. Retrieved from https://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/60_Racial-Composition.pdf

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CloutierM.M.WileyJ.Huedo-MedinaT.OhannessianC.M.GrantA.HernandezD. & GorinA.A. (2015). Outcomes from a pediatric primary care weight management program: Steps to growing up healthy. Journal of Pediatrics 167(2) 372377 e371. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.05.028

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity. (2006). Progress in preventing childhood obesity: How do we measure up? Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CoolsW.De MartelaerK.SamaeyC. & AndriesC. (2011). Fundamental movement skill performance of preschool children in relation to family context. Journal of Sports Sciences 29(7) 649660. PubMed doi:10.1080/02640414.2010.551540

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CrespoC.J.SmitE.AndersenR.E.Carter-PokrasO. & AinsworthB.E. (2000). Race/ethnicity, social class and their relation to physical inactivity during leisure time: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 18(1) 4653. PubMed doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(99)00105-1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CruzT.H.DavisS.M.MyersO.B.O’DonaldE.R.SandersS.G. & ShecheJ.N. (2016). Effects of an obesity prevention intervention on physical activity among preschool children: The CHILE Study. Health Promotion Practice 17(5) 693701. PubMed doi:10.1177/1524839916629974

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dawson-HahnE.E.FesinmeyerM.D. & MendozaJ.A. (2015). Correlates of physical activity in Latino preschool children attending Head Start. Pediatric Exercise Science 27(3) 372379. PubMed doi:10.1123/pes.2014-0144

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DowdaM.PateR.R.TrostS.G.AlmeidaM.J. & SirardJ.R. (2004). Influences of preschool policies and practices on children’s physical activity. Journal of Community Health 29(3) 183196. PubMed doi:10.1023/B:JOHE.0000022025.77294.af

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FaithM.S.Van HornL.AppelL.J.BurkeL.E.CarsonJ.A.FranchH.A. . . . Council on the Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease. (2012). Evaluating parents and adult caregivers as “agents of change” for treating obese children: Evidence for parent behavior change strategies and research gaps: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 125(9) 11861207. PubMed doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e31824607ee

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FisherE.B.CoufalM.M.ParadaH.RobinetteJ.B.TangP.Y.UrlaubD.M. . . . XuC. (2014). Peer support in health care and prevention: Cultural, organizational, and dissemination issues. Annual Review of Public Health 35 363383. PubMed doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182450

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FitzgibbonM.StolleyM.R.SchifferL.KongA.BraunschweigC.L.Gomez-PerezS.L. . . . DyerA.R. (2013). Family-based Hip-Hop to Health: Outcome results. Obesity 21(2) 274283. PubMed doi:10.1002/oby.20269

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FitzgibbonM.L.StolleyM.R.SchifferL.Van HornL.KauferChristoffelK. & DyerA. (2006). Hip-Hop to Health Jr. for Latino preschool children. Obesity (Silver Spring) 14(9) 16161625. doi:10.1038/oby.2006.186

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FloresA. (2017). How the US Hispanic population is changing. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/18/how-the-u-s-hispanic-population-is-changing/

    • Export Citation
  • FolioM.R. & FewellR.R. (2000). Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

  • FosterB.A.AquinoC.GilM.FloresG. & HaleD. (2015). A randomized clinical trial of the effects of parent mentors on early childhood obesity: Study design and baseline data. Contemporary Clinical Trials 45(Pt. B) 164169. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.cct.2015.08.017

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FosterB.A.FarragherJ.ParkerP. & HaleD.E. (2015). A positive deviance approach to early childhood obesity: Cross-sectional characterization of positive outliers. Childhood Obesity 11(3) 281288. PubMed doi:10.1089/chi.2014.0098

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GlanzK.RimerB.K. & ViswanathK. (2015). Health behavior: Theory research and practice. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

  • GoingS.ThompsonJ.CanoS.StewartD.StoneE.HarnackL. . . . CorbinC. (2003). The effects of the Pathways obesity prevention program on physical activity in American Indian children. Preventive Medicine 37(6 Pt. 2) S62S69. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.08.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrzywaczJ.G.ArcuryT.A.TrejoG. & QuandtS.A. (2016). Latino mothers in farmworker families’ beliefs about preschool children’s physical activity and play. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 18(1) 234242. PubMed doi:10.1007/s10903-014-9990-1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrzywaczJ.G.SuerkenC.K.Zapata RoblyerM.I.TrejoG.ArcuryT.A.IpE.H. . . . QuandtS.A. (2014). Physical activity of preschool-aged Latino children in farmworker families. American Journal of Health Behavior 38(5) 717725. PubMed doi:10.5993/AJHB.38.5.9

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HalesC.M.CarrollM.D.FryarC.D. & OgdenC.L. (2017). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2015–2016. NCHS Data Brief 288 18.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HoffmannT.C.GlasziouP.P.BoutronI.MilneR.PereraR.MoherD. . . . MichieS. (2014). Better reporting of interventions: Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide. British Medical Journal 348 g1687. PubMed doi:10.1136/bmj.g1687

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • InnellaN.BreitensteinS.HamiltonR.ReedM. & McNaughtonD.B. (2016). Determinants of obesity in the Hispanic preschool population: An integrative review. Public Health Nursing 33(3) 189199. PubMed doi:10.1111/phn.12215

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • IsraelB.A.SchulzA.J.ParkerE.A. & BeckerA.B. (1998). Review of community-based research: Assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health 19 173202. PubMed doi:10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KellyL.A.ReillyJ.J.JacksonD.M.MontgomeryC.GrantS. & PatonJ.Y. (2007). Tracking physical activity and sedentary behavior in young children. Pediatric Exercise Science 19(1) 5160. PubMed doi:10.1123/pes.19.1.51

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KumanyikaS. (2017). Getting to equity in obesity prevention: A new framework. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine.

  • LandaleN.OropesaR. & BradatanC. (2006). Hispanic families in the United States: Family structure and process in an area of family change. In M. Tienda & F. Mitchell (Eds.) Hispanics and the future of America (Vol. 5). Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LindsayA.C.GreaneyM.L.WallingtonS.F.SandsF.D.WrightJ.A. & SalkeldJ. (2017). Latino parents’ perceptions of the eating and physical activity experiences of their pre-school children at home and at family child-care homes: A qualitative study. Public Health Nutrition 20(2) 346356. PubMed doi:10.1017/S136898001600207X

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LindsayA.C.GreaneyM.L.WallingtonS.F. & WrightJ.A. (2017). Easier said than done: A qualitative study conducted in the USA exploring Latino family child care home providers as role models for healthy eating and physical activity behaviours. BMJ Open 7(11) e018219. PubMed doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018219

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LindsayA.C.SussnerK.M.GreaneyM.L. & PetersonK.E. (2009). Influence of social context on eating, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors of Latina mothers and their preschool-age children. Health Education and Behavior 36(1) 8196. PubMed doi:10.1177/1090198107308375

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LoprinziP.D. & TrostS.G. (2010). Parental influences on physical activity behavior in preschool children. Preventive Medicine 50(3) 129133. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.11.010

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LoraK.R.CheneyM. & BranscumP. (2017). Hispanic mothers’ views of the fathers’ role in promoting healthy behaviors at home: Focus group findings. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 117(6) 914922. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jand.2017.01.005

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzieT.L.MarshallS.J.SallisJ.F. & ConwayT.L. (2000). Leisure-time physical activity in school environments: An observational study using SOPLAY. Preventive Medicine 30(1) 7077. PubMed doi:10.1006/pmed.1999.0591

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McLeodD.L.BuscemiJ. & BohnertA.M. (2016). Becoming American,becoming obese? A systematic review of acculturation and weight among Latino youth. Obesity Reviews 17(11) 10401049. PubMed doi:10.1111/obr.12447

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • National Institutes of Health. (2013). EatPlayGrow. NIH Publication No. 13-7818. Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/wecan/downloads//eatplaygrow.pdf

    • Export Citation
  • National Physical Activity Plan Alliance. (2016). U.S. National Physical Activity Plan. Retrieved from http://www.physicalactivityplan.org/index.html

    • Export Citation
  • OchoaA. & BergeJ.M. (2016). Home environmental influences on childhood obesity in the Latino population: A decade review of literature. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 19(2) 430447. doi:10.1007/s10903-016-0539-3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • O’ConnorT.M.CerinE.HughesS.O.RoblesJ.ThompsonD.BaranowskiT. . . . ShewchukR.M. (2013). What Hispanic parents do to encourage and discourage 3–5 year old children to be active: A qualitative study using nominal group. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 10 93. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-10-93

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OgdenC.CarrollM.FryarC. & FlegalK. (2015). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2011–2014. NCHS Data Brief 219 18.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • OliverM.SchofieldG.M. & SchluterP.J. (2010). Parent influences on preschoolers’ objectively assessed physical activity. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 13(4) 403409. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2009.05.008

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • O’NeillJ.R.PfeifferK.A.DowdaM. & PateR.R. (2016). In-school and out-of-school physical activity in preschool children. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 13(6) 606610. doi:10.1123/jpah.2015-0245

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ParkH. & Walton-MossB. (2012). Parenting style, parenting stress, and children’s health-related behaviors. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 33(6) 495503. PubMed doi:10.1097/DBP.0b013e318258bdb8

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parra CardonaJ.R.Domenech-RodriguezM.ForgatchM.SullivanC.BybeeD.HoltropK. . . . BernalG. (2012). Culturally adapting an evidence-based parenting intervention for Latino immigrants: The need to integrate fidelity and cultural relevance. Family Process 51(1) 5672. PubMed doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.2012.01386.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PateR.R.McIverK.DowdaM.BrownW.H. & AddyC. (2008). Directly observed physical activity levels in preschool children. Journal of School Health 78(8) 438444. PubMed doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00327.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PateR.R.O’NeillJ.R. & MitchellJ. (2010). Measurement of physical activity in preschool children. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 42(3) 508512. PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181cea116

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PenillaC.TschannJ.M.Sanchez-VaznaughE.V.FloresE. & OzerE.J. (2017). Obstacles to preventing obesity in children aged 2 to 5 years: Latino mothers’ and fathers’ experiences and perceptions of their urban environments. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 14(1) 148. PubMed doi:10.1186/s12966-017-0605-9

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report Subcommittee of the President’s Council on Fitness Sports & Nutrition. (2012). Physical activity guidelines for Americans midcourse report: Strategies to increase physical activity among youth. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Po’eE.K.HeermanW.J.MistryR.S. & BarkinS.L. (2013). Growing Right Onto Wellness (GROW): A family-centered, community-based obesity prevention randomized controlled trial for preschool child–parent pairs. Contemporary Clinical Trials 36(2) 436449. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2013.08.013

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RamirezA.GaillionK.AguilarR. & SwansonJ. (2017). The state of Latino early childhood development: A research review. Princeton, NJ: Salud America! Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RamirezA.G.ChalelaP.GallionK.J.GreenL.W. & OttosonJ. (2011). Salud America! Developing a national Latino childhood obesity research agenda. Health Education and Behavior 38(3) 251260. PubMed doi:10.1177/1090198110372333

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RaphaelJ.L.RuedaA.LionK.C. & GiordanoT.P. (2013). The role of lay health workers in pediatric chronic disease: A systematic review. Academic Pediatrics 13(5) 408420. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.acap.2013.04.015

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ReillyJ.J. & KellyJ. (2011). Long-term impact of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence on morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood: Systematic review. International Journal of Obesity 35(7) 891898. PubMed doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.222

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RhodesS.D.FoleyK.L.ZometaC.S. & BloomF.R. (2007). Lay health advisor interventions among Hispanics/Latinos: A qualitative systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 33(5) 418427. PubMed doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.023

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RuizR.GesellS.B.BuchowskiM.S.LambertW. & BarkinS.L. (2011). The relationship between Hispanic parents and their preschool-aged children’s physical activity. Pediatrics 127(5) 888895. PubMed doi:10.1542/peds.2010-1712

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SinghA.S.MulderC.TwiskJ.W.van MechelenW. & ChinapawM.J. (2008). Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: A systematic review of the literature. Obesity Reviews 9(5) 474488. PubMed doi:10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00475.x

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SinghG.K.YuS.M.SiahpushM. & KoganM.D. (2008). High levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors among US immigrant children and adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 162(8) 756763. PubMed doi:10.1001/archpedi.162.8.756

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SosaE.T.Parra-MedinaD.HeM.TrummerV. & YinZ. (2016). Miranos! (Look at Us! We Are Healthy!): Home-based and parent peer-led childhood obesity prevention. Health Promotion Practice 17(5) 675681. PubMed doi:10.1177/1524839915623762

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SpinnerJ.R. & AlvaradoM. (2012). Salud Para Su Carozon—A Latino promotora-led cardiovascular health education program. Family & Community Health 35(2) 111119. PubMed doi:10.1097/FCH.0b013e3182465058

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SpurrierN.J.MagareyA.A.GolleyR.CurnowF. & SawyerM.G. (2008). Relationships between the home environment and physical activity and dietary patterns of preschool children: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 5 31. PubMed doi:10.1186/1479-5868-5-31

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SwansonJ.RamirezA.G. & GaillionK. (2016). Making physical activity a daily experience for Latino youth: Research review. Princeton, NJ: Salud America! The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Taverno RossS.E.Barone GibbsB.DocumetP.I. & PateR.R. (2018). ANDALE Pittsburgh: Results of a promotora-led, home-based intervention to promote a healthy weight in Latino preschool children. BMC Public Health 18(1) 360. PubMed doi:10.1186/s12889-018-5266-3

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Taverno RossS.E.MaciaL.DocumetP.I.EscribanoC.MirzakazemiT. & Smith-TapiaI. (in press). Latino parents’ perceptions of physical activity and healthy eating: At the intersection of culture, family, and health. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • TaylorR.W.MurdochL.CarterP.GerrardD.F.WilliamsS.M. & TaylorB.J. (2009). Longitudinal study of physical activity and inactivity in preschoolers: The FLAME Study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 41(1) 96102. PubMed doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181849d81

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Census Bureau. (2017). Facts for features: Hispanic Heritage Month 2017. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/newsroom/facts-for-features/2017/hispanic-heritage.html

    • Export Citation
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). Strategic plan for NIH obesity research: A report of the NIH Obesity Research Task Force. Rockville, MD: National Institutes of Health.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WallersteinN.B. & DuranB. (2006). Using community-based participatory research to address health disparities. Health Promotion Practice 7(3) 312323. PubMed doi:10.1177/1524839906289376

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YinZ.Parra-MedinaD.CordovaA.HeM.TrummerV.SosaE. . . . WuX. (2012). Miranos! Look at us, we are healthy! An environmental approach to early childhood obesity prevention. Childhood Obesity 8(5) 429439. PubMed doi:10.1089/chi.2011.0125

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • YunL.BolesR.E.HaemerM.A.KnierimS.DickinsonL.M.MancinasH. . . . DavidsonA.J. (2015). A randomized, home-based, childhood obesity intervention delivered by patient navigators. BMC Public Health 15(1) 1. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-15-1

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Article Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 34 34 11
Full Text Views 0 0 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
Altmetric Badge
PubMed
Google Scholar