The purpose of the current investigation was to examine the relation between cardioballistic impulse and the fluctuations in continuous isometric force production. Subjects produced isometric force via index finger flexion to constant force targets (0.5, 1 and 2 N) with and without visual feedback while beat to beat blood pressure of their middle finger was recorded. Force fluctuations were quantified using distributional statistics. The association between blood pressure oscillations and fluctuations in force output were quantified with coherence analysis. Overall, it was found that force variability (i.e., SD) increased with force level and removal of visual feedback. Coherence values between blood pressure oscillations and force fluctuations were significant and the greatest in the 8–12 Hz bandwidth. There was no effect of force magnitude on the coupling strength between blood pressure oscillations and force production. This coupling was greater in the visual condition. These data suggest that peripheral alterations in blood pressure are related to fluctuations in isometric force production independent of force level and that this interaction is influenced by visual feedback.
The authors are with the Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.