Recent studies have shown more than one time scale of change in the movement dynamics of practice. Here, we decompose the drift and diffusion dynamics in adaptation to performing discrete aiming movements with different space-time constraints. Participants performed aiming movements on a graphics drawing board to a point target at 5 different space-time weightings on the task outcome. The drift was stronger the shorter the time constraint whereas noise was U-shaped across the space-time conditions. The drift and diffusion of adaptation in discrete aiming movements varied as a function of the space-time constraints on performance outcome and the spatial, temporal, or space-time measure of performance outcome. The findings support the postulation that the time scale of movement adaptation is task dependent.
Liu is with the Dept. of Athletic Performance, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan. Hsieh and Newell are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.