Influence of Music Style and Rate on Repetitive Finger Tapping

in Motor Control
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Auditory cues, including music, are commonly used in the treatment of persons with Parkinson’s disease. Yet, how music style and movement rate modulate movement performance in persons with Parkinson’s disease have been neglected and remain limited in healthy young populations. The purpose of this study was to determine how music style and movement rate influence movement performance in healthy young adults. Healthy participants were asked to perform repetitive finger movements at two pacing rates (70 and 140 beats per minute) for the following conditions: (a) a tone only, (b) activating music, and (c) relaxing music. Electromyography, movement kinematics, and variability were collected. Results revealed that the provision of music, regardless of style, reduced amplitude variability at both pacing rates. Intermovement interval was longer, and acceleration variability was reduced during both music conditions at the lower pacing rate only. These results may prove beneficial for designing therapeutic interventions for persons with Parkinson’s disease.

Stegemöller, Tatz, Warnecke, Hibbing, Bates, and Zaman are with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA. Tatz is also with the Dept. of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC. Warnecke is also with the Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, TX. Hibbing is also with the Dept. of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sports Studies, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN.

Address author correspondence to Elizabeth L. Stegemöller at esteg@iastate.edu.
Motor Control
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