Effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Brisk Walking Exercise on Balance Ability in Elderly Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

in Motor Control
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This study aims to investigate the effects of Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and brisk walking (BW) on balance and training duration for the two exercises to significantly improve balance. A total of 48 elderly women were randomly divided into three groups. The TCC and BW groups completed a 60-min intervention training program with five sessions weekly for 16 weeks. Single-leg standing balance was tested every 4 weeks. Results showed that all the variables with eyes open improved on the eighth week (p < .05) in the TCC group and on the 12th week (p < .01) in the BW group. All variables with eyes closed improved on the 12th week (p < .01) in the TCC group and on the 16th week (p < .05) in the BW group. The results showed that 12 and 16 weeks of TCC and BW, respectively were essential to improve balance with eyes closed among the women aged 60–70 years.

Sun, Ma, Wang, Zhang, and Mao are with the Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China. Sun, Zhang, Song, and Gu are with the Shandong Institute of Sport Science, Jinan, Shandong, China. Ma is also with the Handan University, Handan, China. Mao is also with the Shandong Sport University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Address author correspondence to Dewei Mao at m_d_wei@sina.com.
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