Differential Cortical Control of Chest Wall Muscles During Pressure- and Volume-Related Expiratory Tasks and the Effects of Acute Expiratory Threshold Loading

in Motor Control
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We examined whether or not coherence between chest wall intercostal and oblique muscles changed as a function of lung volume excursion, alveolar pressure, and muscular demand. We also assessed the effects of acute expiratory threshold loading (ETL) on chest wall muscular control. A total of 15 healthy adults (7 males; average age = 28 years) completed maximum performance and ETL tasks. Chest wall surface electromyographic and kinematic recordings were made. Participants also performed a session of acute ETL. We showed that corticomuscular control of the chest wall varied as a function of lung volume excursion and muscular effort. Acute ETL had some effect on respiratory kinematics but not coherence.

Boliek, Bakhtiari, Pedersen, Esch, and Cummine are with the Dept. of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Boliek and Cummine are also with Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Address author correspondence to Carol A. Boliek at carol.boliek@ualberta.ca.
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