Postural Control Underlying Head Movements While Tracking Visual Targets

in Motor Control
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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between postural regulation and tracking accuracy under static and moving visual target conditions in unipedal and bipedal standing postures. Postural time-to-contact stability boundaries decreased under more challenging visual target conditions for the unipedal posture, but this decrease was associated with lower visual tracking error. During bipedal support, there was independent control of the head and foot center of pressure, as higher frequencies at the head during the static visual task were associated with longer time-to-contact. These results demonstrate that decreased time-to-contact stability boundaries is a functional adaptation in postural tasks requiring visual control and provide evidence of the dependency of postural control on the nature of the suprapostural task.

Deprá is with the Laboratory of Biomechanics and Motor Behavior, Physical Education Dept., State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil. Amado and van Emmerik are with the Laboratory of Motor Control, Dept. of Kinesiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA.

Address author correspondence to Pedro Paulo Deprá at ppdepra@uem.br.
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