Physical or Cognitive Exertion Does Not Influence Cortical Movement Preparation for Rapid Arm Movements

in Motor Control
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  • 1 Ghent University
  • 2 Pain in Motion International Research Group
  • 3 Research Foundation—Flanders (FWO)
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The contribution of central factors to movement preparation (e.g., the contingent negative variation [CNV]) and the influence of fatigue on such factors are still unclear, even though executive cognitive functions are regarded as key elements in motor control. Therefore, this study examined CNV amplitude with electroencephalography in 22 healthy humans during a rapid arm movement task prior to and following three experimental conditions: (a) a no exertion/control condition, (b) a physical exertion, and (c) a cognitive exertion. CNV amplitude was affected neither by a single bout of physical/cognitive exertion nor by the control condition. Furthermore, no time-on-task effects of the rapid arm movement task on the CNV were found. Exertion did not affect cortical movement preparation, which is in contrast to previous findings regarding time-on-task effects of exertion on CNV. Based on the current findings, the rapid arm movement task is deemed suitable to measure cortical movement preparation, without being affected by learning effects and physical/cognitive exertion.

Schouppe, Van Oosterwijck, Willems, and Danneels are with the SPINE Research Unit Ghent, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Schouppe and Van Oosterwijck are also with the Pain in Motion International Research Group, Brussels, Belgium. Van Oosterwijck is also with the Research Foundation—Flanders (FWO), Brussels, Belgium. Wiersema and Van Damme are with the Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Van Oosterwijck (Jessica.VanOosterwijck@ugent.be) is corresponding author.
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