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The main aim of this investigation was to determine the effect of high contextual interference (HCI) and low contextual interference (LCI) on motor learning of falling techniques. Thirty-five kinesiology students (21 males and 14 females; mean ± SD, age = 19.4 ± 0.69 years) were randomly assigned to the HCI or LCI practice group. The participants’ task was to learn two judo falling techniques on both sides over 3 weeks. The two-way analysis of variance found no difference between LCI and HCI in the performance at the pretest, posttest, retention, and transfer. Both groups improved posttest and retention performance. Finally, differences were found for both groups between the falling performance in the posttest and the application test (except for the right yoko ukemi fall in the HCI). Lower application test scores led to the conclusion that the 3-week treatment was insufficient to reach the application level of the falling techniques.
Krstulović and Kuvačić are with the Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia. De Giorgio is with the Faculty of Psychology, eCampus University, Novedrate, Italy. DelCastillo Andrés is with the Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Seville, Sevilla, Spain. Franchini is with the Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, Sport Department, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.