Effect of Mental Calculation and Number Comparison on a Manual-Pointing Movement

in Motor Control
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  • 1 Lebanese University
  • 2 University of Lyon / University Claude Bernard Lyon 1
  • 3 University of Teacher Education–State of Vaud (HEPVD)
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The present study aimed at examining the effect of mental calculation and number comparison on motor performance measured as the movement time of a fast manual-pointing movement. Three experiments, involving a total number of 65 undergraduate subjects, examined the effect of mental subtraction (complex) and, respectively, of (a) mental addition (simple or complex), (b) mental multiplication (simple or complex), and (c) the comparison of dot sets and number comparison. Each number was written in Arabic. The movement times were analyzed by using a multilevel linear mixed-effect model. The results showed significant improvement of manual-pointing movement performance only after the complex calculations and after number comparison. Possible implication of attentional mechanisms specific to this arithmetical activity is further discussed.

Khayat, Diab, and Rifai Sarraj are with the Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Rafic Hariri Campus, Beirut, Lebanon. Khayat and Rifai Sarraj are also with MOHAR, Lebanese University, Rafic Hariri Campus, Beirut, Lebanon. Diab is also with the AZM Center of Research in Biotechnology and its Application, Lebanese University, Tripoli, Lebanon. Champely is with the University of Lyon/University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne Cedex, France. Fargier is with the University of Teacher Education, State of Vaud (HEPVD)/Teaching and Research Unit in Physical Education (UER EPS), Lausanne, Switzerland. Khayat and Fargier are also with the University of Lyon/University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.

Fargier (patrick.fargier@univ-lyon1.fr) is corresponding author.
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