Influence of Chronotype on Motor Behavior in Healthy Individuals: Analyses of Manual Dexterity in Different Times of the Day

in Motor Control
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  • 1 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • | 2 Centro Universitário Mário Palmério (UNIFUCAMP)
  • | 3 Auburn University
  • | 4 Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF)
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This study investigated the influence of chronotype on motor behavior in a manual dexterity task performed at different times of the day. Sixteen healthy adults of each chronotype (morning, evening, and neither), as measured by the Morningness–Eveningness Questionnaire, practiced both conditions of the Grooved Pegboard Test either in the morning or in the afternoon to early evening. The “neither” chronotype (65.12 ± 7.46) was outperformed (ps ≤ .03) by both the morning (56.09 ± 7.21) and evening (58.94 ± 7.53) chronotypes when the task had higher cognitive and motor demand but was not outperformed in the task with lower demand (morning = 18.46 ± 2.11; evening = 19.34 ± 2.79; neither = 21.47 ± 2.54; p > .05). No difference between the morning and evening chronotypes was found at the different times of the day (ps > .05), suggesting that a manual dexterity task is not sufficiently demanding to be influenced by chronotype.

Nogueira, Lage, and Fernandes contributed equally to this work. Nogueira, Ferreira, and Lage are with the Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Parma is with the School of Kinesiology, Performance and Exercise Psychophysiology Lab (PEP-Lab), Auburn University, Auburn, United States. Leão is with the Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Narciso is with the Centro Universitário Mário Palmério (UNIFUCAMP), Monte Carmelo, Brazil. Fernandes is with the Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brazil.

Ferreira (barbaradepaulaf@gmail.com) is corresponding author.
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