State and Trait Fatigue and Energy Predictors of Postural Control and Gait

in Motor Control
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  • 1 University of Western Ontario
  • | 2 Clarkson University
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Compromised attentional resources during perceived fatigue has been suggested to alter motor control. The authors determined if measures of postural control and gait are predicted by state and trait physical and mental fatigue and energy, and how these relationships are modified by sex, sleep quality, and physical activity. Young adults (n = 119) completed the Modified Clinical Test of Sensory Integration, overground walking, and questionnaires to quantify fatigue and energy, sleep quality, and physical activity. Regression models indicated that trait fatigue, trait energy, and sleep quality were predictors of postural control (p ≤ .02, R2 ≥ .04). State fatigue, state energy, and sex were predictors of gait (p ≤ .05, R2 ≥ .03). While the variance explained was low (3–13%), the results demonstrate perceptions of fatigue and energy may influence posture and gait.

Kowalski and Christie are with the School of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Boolani is with the Department of Physical Therapy, Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA.

Christie (achris95@uwo.ca) is corresponding author.
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