Effect of Vertical Jump and Sprint Training on Power and Speed Performance Transfer

in Motor Control

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Rodrigo Ghedini Gheller Biomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Rafael Lima Kons Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Bahia, Bahia, Brazil

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Juliano Dal Pupo Biomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Daniele Detanico Biomechanics Laboratory, Center of Sports, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of specific sprint and vertical jump training interventions on transfer of speed–power parameters. The data search was carried out in three electronic databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, and SPORTDiscus), and 28 articles were selected (13 on vertical jump training and 15 on sprint training). We followed the PRISMA criteria for the construction of this systematic review and used the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale to assess the quality of all studies. It included studies with a male population (athletes and nonathletes, n = 512) from 18 to 30 years old who performed a vertical jump or sprint training intervention. The effect size was calculated from the values of means and SDs pre- and posttraining intervention. The percentage changes and transfer of training effect were calculated for vertical jump training and sprint training through measures of vertical jump and sprint performance. The results indicated that both training interventions (vertical jump training and sprint training) induced improvements in vertical jump and linear sprint performance as well as transfer of training to speed–power performance. However, vertical jump training produced greater specific and training transfer effects on linear sprint than sprint training (untrained skill). It was concluded that vertical jump training and sprint training were effective in increasing specific actions of vertical jump and linear sprint performance, respectively; however, vertical jump training was shown to be a superior alternative due to the higher transfer rate.

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