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The target article by Prilutsky gives an excellent overview of the predictions of the Crowninshield and Brand model and about the relevant literature about muscle coordination. However, we do not agree with the claim that the Crowninshield and Brand model can explain the coordination between one-joint and two-joint muscles. In this commentary we will make three claims: (a) The Crowninshield and Brand model cannot explain all aspects of muscle coordination, (b) there is good experimental evidence that different constraints and models may be necessary to explain muscle coordination in different motor tasks, and (c) the reason for the lack of quantitative fits between predictions about muscle force and experimental data is that it is hard to measure muscle force in man. As a compromise one has to rely on EMG activity as a measure of muscle force. Because of the complex relationship between EMG and muscle force, a quantitative test of models is difficult.
The author is with the Department of Medical Physics and Biophysics at the University of Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein 21, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.