Balance Training with Visual Feedback in Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy: Effect on Stance and Gait

in Motor Control
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The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of balance training with visual feedback on stance and gait in school-age children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Ten participants between 5 and 11 years of age were assigned to either the training or the control group according to an aged-stratified randomization. The training corresponded to three sessions per week during six weeks. Stance and gait parameters, based on force plate data, were assessed three times in both groups: (a) at the beginning of the study (before training); (b) after six weeks; (c) after ten weeks. Spatial and temporal parameters were calculated. The results for stance showed that the training improved the performances on the tasks that were trained. More interesting, the results for gait showed that the walking pattern became more symmetrical after the training.

Ledebt, Kapper, Rozendaal, Bakker, Leenders, and Savelsbergh are with the Institute for Fundamental and Clinical Human Movement Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Vrije Universiteit, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Becher is with the Dept of Rehabilitation, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Savelsbergh is also with the Institute for Biophysical and Clinical Research into Human Movement, Manchester Metropolitan University, Alsager, UK.